Das Kalifat (Kalifatsstaat), Kalifat gemäß dem Prophetenplan, Staat für die Festigung des Islams, die Sicherheit der Muslime und Barmherzigkeit für die Welten. Legitimität, das islamische Recht, Vorschriften, Verfassung

Download , Verfassung  des KalifatsStaats,  Applikation für Android

Die Bildungspolitik §170-180

Artikel 173: Die Unterrichtsstunden

Das Kalifat (Kalifatsstaat), die Verfassung, Artikel 173: Unterrichtsstunden in den islamischen Wissenschaften und der arabischen Sprache müssen wöchentlich in demselben quantitativen und zeitlichen Stundenumfang erteilt werden wie die übrigen Wissenszweige.

 

Article 173: There must be weekly classes in Islamic sciences and Arabic, with the same time and amount allocated as the classes for the rest of the sciences.

The taught subjects are of two types: scientific knowledge to develop the mind, in order that the person can judge the words, actions and objects from the angle of their reality and characteristics, and from the angle of their adaptation to human nature – such as chemistry, physics, astronomy, mathematics and other experimental sciences. This knowledge has no direct relationship with the building of the personality. As for the Shari’ah knowledge of the words, actions and objects, in order to explain the defining Shari’ah rule (Taklifi), if it was obligatory, recommended, permitted, disliked or prohibited, or to explain the Ahkam Al-Wad’ such as whether it was a cause, condition or prevention, or a concession (Rukhsa) or an original rule (‘Azimah), or if it was valid (Sahih), void (Batil) or defective (Fasid), and accordingly the Islamic mentality is built. If these Shari’ah rules are accompanied by the goal of getting the Muslim to take an Islamic position towards objects, actions and words in terms of their inclinations towards or against them, and to take or leave them when fulfilling their bodily needs and instincts, then the Islamic disposition is built. The Islamic personality is built from the Islamic mentality and disposition, which makes the Islamic belief (‘Aqeedah) the basis for its thoughts and inclinations.

Islam asks the Muslim to think about the creation of the universe, mankind and life, such as His (swt) words:

((وَيَتَفَكَّرُونَ فِي خَلْقِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ)) [آل عمران 191]، وقوله: ((أَفَلَا يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَى الْإِبِلِ كَيْفَ خُلِقَتْ)) [الغاشية]، وقوله: ((كَذَلِكَ يُحْيِي اللَّهُ الْمَوْتَى وَيُرِيكُمْ آَيَاتِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ))

And give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth.” (TMQ 3:191): “Then do they not look at the camels - how they are created?(TMQ 88:17)and: “Thus does Allah bring the dead to life, and He shows you His signs that you might reason.(TMQ 2:73). In the same manner, Islam also asks the Muslim to adhere to the Shari’ah rules in his laws, actions and inclinations: He (swt) said:

((فَلَا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّى يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَجِدُوا فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ حَرَجًا مِمَّا قَضَيْتَ وَيُسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا)) [النساء]، وقوله تعالى: ((وَمَا آَتَاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا)) [الحشر 7]، وقوله: ((لَا تَتَّخِذُوا آَبَاءَكُمْ وَإِخْوَانَكُمْ أَوْلِيَاءَ إِنِ اسْتَحَبُّوا الْكُفْرَ عَلَى الْإِيمَانِ)) [التوبة 23]، وقوله: ((وَقُلِ اعْمَلُوا فَسَيَرَى اللَّهُ عَمَلَكُمْ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَسَتُرَدُّونَ إِلَى عَالِمِ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ فَيُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ)) (105)

But no, by your Lord, they will not [truly] believe until they make you, [O Muhammad], judge concerning that over which they dispute among themselves and then find within themselves no discomfort from what you have judged and submit in [full, willing] submission.(TMQ 4:65),and: “And whatever the Messenger has given you - take; and what he has forbidden you - refrain from.” (TMQ 59:7), and: “O you who have believed, do not take your fathers or your brothers as allies if they have preferred disbelief over belief.” (TMQ 9:23), and: “And say, "Do [as you will], for Allah will see your deeds, and [so, will] His Messenger and the believers. And you will be returned to the Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, and He will inform you of what you used to do."(TMQ 9:105).

Just as it is requested from the school to be the first incubator to build the distinguished Islamic personality, in the knowledge of the rules of the basis of jurisprudence (Usul Al-Fiqh), language and Tafsir, it is also requested to be the first incubator to build the distinguished Islamic personality with the scientific knowledge such as atomic science, astronomy and computing. The Islamic Ummah which gave birth to leaders in politics, governance and Jihad such as Abu Bakr (ra), Khalid (ra) and Salah Al-Deen, is the same Ummah which gave birth to the scholars in jurisprudence and science such as Al-Shafi’i, Al-Bukhari, Al-Khawarizmi and Ibn Al-Haytham. The goal of teaching all of this knowledge in the school stage is to build the Islamic personality of the student, and to prepare him to enter into the realm of practical life, or to prepare him to continue higher studies in order to create distinguished personalities which are necessary to raise the intellectual and scientific level of the Ummah, and to prepare it to lead the world to take all the people from the darkness of disbelief to the light of Islam, and from the oppression of man made law to the justice of the Shari’ah law. And in the same manner to work to harness what is in the heavens and the earth for the benefit and well being of mankind in that which pleases Allah (swt), in accordance with His (swt) words:

((وَابْتَغِ فِيمَا آَتَاكَ اللَّهُ الدَّارَ الْآَخِرَةَ وَلَا تَنْسَ نَصِيبَكَ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا))

But seek, through that which Allah has given you, the home of the Hereafter; and [yet], do not forget your share of the world.” (TMQ 28:77).

Based upon this, there will be classes in scientific and Shari’ah knowledge, and it is obligatory to balance the classes to meet the requirements of the two sections in order for the Muslim to be capable to live on this earth which Allah (swt) made him a successor upon, in a manner which Allah (swt) and His Messenger SL-16pt love.

The scientific knowledge that we are concerned with are those that do not have a direct relationship with the viewpoint about life, and do not emanate from the Islamic belief, but rather are built upon it, such as the necessary skills and knowledge to prepare the student to enter the realm of practical life. The first thing that the student is taught are those sciences that are necessary to interact with the environment he lives in such as mathematics and the general sciences about the tools and machinery used such as electronic and electrical equipment, and domestic tools. And in the same manner the principles and rules of traffic in the roads and streets, and the teaching of these subjects would take into account the environment in which the students live, such as if it was industrial, agricultural or trade, and if it was mountainous, desert or a plain, and whether it was hot or cold. The goal in teaching these subjects until the age of ten is to enable the student to interact with the things around them, and to utilise them according to their age and needs.

After the age of ten, they start to be taught the branches of mathematics in stages, and similarly the other sciences such as physics, chemistry and biology, and beneficial sports such as swimming, jumping and shooting at targets. After puberty they are taught military skills under the supervision of the army, and then they can continue in the higher education institutions and universities to learn beneficial knowledge from the sciences to the extent necessary.

Einige Artikel der Verfassung

Das Kalifat (Kalifatsstaat), die Verfassung,

Artikel 180: Kein Urheberrecht

Artikel 180: Ein Urheberrecht auf das Verfassen von Lehrbüchern ist in allen Unterrichtsstufen untersagt. Niemand, sei er Autor oder nicht, besitzt Rechte am Druck und an der Verteilung, wenn das Buch einmal gedruckt und im Umlauf ist. Wenn er Ideen hat, die noch nicht gedruckt und verbreitet wurden, ist es ihm gestattet, eine Bezahlung für die Herausgabe dieser Ideen entgegenzunehmen, wie er… more
Das Kalifat (Kalifatsstaat), die Verfassung,

Artikel 85: Befugnisse des Muhtasibs

Artikel 85: Der Muhtasib hat das Recht, ein Urteil in einer Ordnungswidrigkeit zu fällen, sobald er Kenntnis davon hat. Die Urteilsverkündung kann an jedem Ort erfolgen, ohne dass eine Gerichtssitzung notwendig wäre. Dem Muhtasib wird eine Anzahl von Polizisten unterstellt, um seine Befehle durchzuführen. Sein Urteil wird auf der Stelle umgesetzt. more
Das Kalifat (Kalifatsstaat), die Verfassung,

Artikel 46: Prüfpflicht des Kalifen für Handlungen der Vollmachtsassistenten

Artikel 46: Der Kalif muss die Handlungen des Muawin at-Tafwid und seine Regelung der Angelegenheiten prüfen, um das Richtige davon zu bestätigen und das Fehlerhafte zu korrigieren, denn die Betreuung der Angelegenheiten der Umma ist dem Kalifen übertragen worden und obliegt seinem Idschtihad. more
Das Kalifat (Kalifatsstaat), die Verfassung,

Artikel 125: Befriedigung der Bedürfnisse jedem einzelnen Individuum

Artikel 125: Die Befriedigung sämtlicher Grundbedürfnisse muss jedem einzelnen Individuum in vollständiger Weise garantiert werden. Jedem einzelnen Individuum muss auch die Möglichkeit gewährleistet werden, darüber hinausgehende, auf dem höchstmöglichen Niveau zu befriedigen. more
Das Kalifat (Kalifatsstaat), die Verfassung,

Artikel 102: Schatzhaus (Bayt al-Mal / Bayt al-Māl)

Artikel 102: Das Schatzhaus (Bayt al-Māl) regelt als Behörde die Einnahmen und Ausgaben gemäß den islamischen Rechtssprü-chen, und zwar im Hinblick auf ihre Einhebung, ihre Verwahrung und ihre Ausgabe. Der Leiter der Schatzhausbehörde wird als „Oberschatzmeister“ (Ḫāzin Bayt al-Māl) bezeichnet. Dieser Behörde sind Abteilungen in den verschiedenen Provinzen angeschlossen. Die Leiter der… more
Das Kalifat (Kalifatsstaat), die Verfassung,

Artikel 67: Das höchstmögliche militärische und intellektuelle Niveau der Armee

Artikel 67: Die Armee muss das höchstmögliche Niveau an militärischer Ausbildung erhalten. Ebenso muss das intellektuelle Niveau so weit wie möglich gehoben werden. Jede Person in der Armee muss in einer Weise mit der islamischen Geistesbildung kultiviert werden, die es ihr ermöglicht, ein Bewusstsein über den Islam zu haben, auch wenn es nur allgemeiner Natur ist. more
Das Kalifat (Kalifatsstaat), die Verfassung,

Artikel 103: Das Medienamt

Artikel 103: Das Medienamt ist die verantwortliche Behörde für die Festlegung und Durchführung der Medienpolitik des Staates im Dienste des Islam und der Muslime. Im Inneren dient es dem Aufbau einer starken, gefestigten islamischen Gesellschaft. Und nach außen hat es die Aufgabe, sowohl in Friedens- als auch in Kriegszeiten den Islam in einer Weise darzustellen, die seine Größe, seine… more