Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Khilafah

UUD / Politik Luar Negeri §181-191

Pasal 186: Kebesaran pikiran Islam

Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Khilafah, berdasarkan metode kenabian: Pasal 186: Menampilkan keagungan pemikiran Islam dalam mengatur urusan-urusan individu, bangsa dan negara, merupakan metode politik yang paling penting.

 

 

Article 186: One of the most important political methods is the manifestation of the greatness of the Islamic thoughts in governing the affairs of individuals, nations and states.

 

This article is part of what the Islamic State must undertake since it is obligatory and not simply permissible. That is because it is the duty of the State to carry the call to Islam in a manner which attracts attention, because Allah (swt) said:

((وَمَا عَلَى الرَّسُولِ إِلَّا الْبَلَاغُ الْمُبِينُ (54)))

And there is not upon the Messenger except [the duty of] clear notification.(TMQ 24:54), and the word Mubeen is a description indicative of relation to the Hukm (Wasf Mufhim), and consequently it is a restriction for the conveyance. Conveying the call to Islam in a manner which attracts attention cannot be achieved except through the manifestation of the greatness of the Islamic thoughts. Amongst the great Islamic thoughts are the way that the Islamic State deals with the Dhimmi, the one given amnesty, and the one who has a covenant, and the fact that the ruler is an implementer of the Shari’ah and not a dictator over them, and the fact that the Ummah accounts the ruler with complete discipline. So in the same manner that it is obligatory upon the Ummah to account the ruler, it is obligatory to obey him even if oppressed, and it is forbidden for it to obey him in a sin, and it has the full right to revolt against him, and it is obligatory to revolt if he showed clear disbelief. And the ruler and the ruled are equal in all affairs, and the Ummah can complain against him as they would against any other individual regarding any right in front of any judge, and they can complain about him to the judge of Madhalim if he contradicts the Shari’ah while ruling. And there are other Islamic thoughts of such nature, so accordingly it is obligatory to manifest them and accentuate their greatness until the greatness of Islam is displayed and until the call to Islam is conveyed in a manner which attracts attention. The manifestation of these thoughts is not from the political style rather they are from the political methods.

In addition to that, the Shari’ah rule is that practically fighting the disbelievers is not permitted until after the call to Islam has been conveyed to them: Al-Tabarani reported in Al-Kabir from Farwah b. Mosaik who said:

«أَتَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم ، فَقُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أُقَاتِلُ بِمَنْ أَقْبَلَ مِنْ قَوْمِي مَنْ أَدْبَرَ مِنْهُمْ؟ قَالَ:«"نَعَمْ", فَلَمَّا أَدْبَرَ دَعَاهُ، فَقَالَ: ادْعُهُمْ إِلَى الإِسْلامِ فَإِنْ أَبَوْا فَقَاتِلْهُمْ»

I said O Messenger of Allah  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم ; Shall I fight with those (of my people) who accepted Islam the others who refused it? He said Yes. After I turned around he called me and said: Do not fight them until you have called them to Islam”. And Al-Tirmidhi reported something similar. And from Ibn ‘Abbas:

«مَا قَاتَلَ رَسُولُ اللهِ  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم قَوْماً حَتَّى دَعَاهُمْ»

The Messenger of Allah  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم did not fight any people until he called them” (reported by Al-Darimi, Ahmad and Al-Hakim). This is evidence for the obligation of the call to Islam before fighting. And for the call to Islam to be complete, it is imperative that the conveyance of the call to Islam to them be done in a way that attracts attention. From this, the issue of presenting the greatness of the Islamic thoughts is an obligation, because the conveyance in a manner which attracts attention is achieved through it. Therefore, it is from the rules regarding the method, and not from the styles.

Beberapa pasal UUD

Undang Dasar Negara Khilafah

Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Khilafah, berdasarkan metode kenabian:

Pasal 173: ilmu-ilmu Islam dan bahasa Arab di kelas

Pasal 173: Waktu pelajaran untuk ilmu-ilmu Islam dan bahasa Arab yang diberikan setiap minggu harus disesuaikan dengan waktu pelajaran untuk ilmu-ilmu lain, baik dari segi jumlah maupun waktu. Selengkapnya
Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Khilafah, berdasarkan metode kenabian:

Pasal 166: Mata uang Negara

Pasal 166: Nagara mencetak mata uang khusus yang independen, dan tidak boleh terikat dengan mata uang asing manapun. Selengkapnya
Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Khilafah, berdasarkan metode kenabian:

Pasal 186: Kebesaran pikiran Islam

Pasal 186: Menampilkan keagungan pemikiran Islam dalam mengatur urusan-urusan individu, bangsa dan negara, merupakan metode politik yang paling penting. Selengkapnya
Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Khilafah, berdasarkan metode kenabian:

Pasal 133: Tanah ‘usyriyah, tanah kharaj

Pasal 133: Tanah ‘usyriyah adalah tanah suatu negeri yang penduduknya masuk Islam, termasuk tanah Jazirah Arab. Tanah kharaj adalah tanah suatu negeri yang dibebaskan melalui peperangan atau perdamaian, kecuali tanah Jazirah Arab. Tanah ‘usyriyah menjadi hak milik individu, baik tanahnya maupun manfaatnnya. Sedangkan tanah kharaj, (tanahnya) menjadi milik negara dan manfaatnya milik individu.… Selengkapnya
Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Khilafah, berdasarkan metode kenabian:

Pasal 138: Kepemilikan Pabrik

Pasal 138: Dilihat dari segi bangunannya, industri termasuk pemilikan individu, tetapi hukumnya tergantung pada produk yang diprosesnya. Jika produknya termasuk milik individu maka industri tersebut menjadi milik individu, seperti pabrik tenun/pemintalan. Sebaliknya jika produknya termasuk pemilikan umum, maka industri tersebut menjadi milik umum, seperti pabrik besi. Selengkapnya
Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Khilafah, berdasarkan metode kenabian:

Pasal 141: Melindungi milik publik untuk kepentingan umum

Pasal 141: Negara boleh memagari sebagian tanah mati atau yang termasuk dalam pemilikan umum, untuk kemaslahatan yang dianggap negara sebagai kemaslahatan rakyat. Selengkapnya
Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Khilafah, berdasarkan metode kenabian:

Pasal 91: Pengadilan hakim menyelidiki setiap kasus ketidakadilan

Pasal 91: Mahkamah Madzalim memiliki wewenang memeriksa setiap tidak kedzaliman, baik yang berhubungan dengan orang-orang tertentu dalam aparat pemerintahan maupun yang berhubungan dengan penyimpangan-penyimpangan hukum syara’ yang dilakukan oleh Khalifah; atau yang berkaitan dengan penafsiran terhadap salah satu dari nash-nash syara’ yang tercantum dalam UUD, Undang-undang dan semua hukum syara’… Selengkapnya