Constitution of the Caliphate State / War Department
- Category: War Department §61-69
Article 67: It is obligatory to provide the Army with the highest level of military education and raise its intellectual level as far as possible. Every individual in the Army should be given Islamicculture that enables him to have an awareness of Islam, to at least a general level.
This article comes under the generality of the words of the Messenger
«طَلَبُ الْعِلْمِ فَرِيضَةٌ عَلَى كُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ»
“Seeking knowledge is a duty upon every Muslim” reported by Ibn Maja from Anas Bin Malik, and Al-Zarkashi said in Al-Tadhkirah: Al-Hafiz Jamal Al-Deen Al-Mizzi said: the chains of this report reach the level of Hasan. Al-Sakhawi said that it has a corroborating narration (Shahid) through Ibn Shahin with a chain whose men are all trustworthy. The word “knowledge” encompasses every type, including military, since military expertise has become a necessity for every army, and it is not possible to fight war and engage battles unless it has that expertise. Therefore, it has become obligatory due to the rule
(ما لا يتم الواجب إلا به فهو واجب)
“That, without which the obligation cannot be accomplished, is itself an obligation”.
As for the Islamic culture, it is a personal obligation for each person to learn whatever is required for them to undertake their actions, and anything else is an obligation of sufficiency, due to the words of the Prophet
«مَنْ يُرِدِ اللَّهُ بِهِ خَيْرًا يُفَقِّهْهُ فِي الدِّينِ»
“When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen (Islam)” (agreed upon narration through Mu’awiyah, and reported by Al-Tirmidhi through Ibn ’Abbas). This applies to the Army that conquers countries to convey the call to Islam, as it does for every Muslim, though it is more important for the Army. Regarding raising its intellectual level, this is a kind of awarenesswhich is necessary to understand the Deen and life’s affairs. Perhaps the saying of the Prophet
«فَرُبَّ مُبَلَّغٍ أَوْعَى مِنْ سَامِعٍ»
“it may be that the recipient of knowledge understands it better than the one who has heard it” (agreed upon from the narration of Abu Bakrah and the wording is from Al-Bukhari), is an indication of encouragement to have awareness. Also the Quran says,
“For people who reflect” (TMQ 10:24), and He (swt) says,
((لَهُمْ قُلُوبٌ يَعْقِلُونَ بِهَا))
“They have hearts (minds) by which they understand.” (TMQ 22:46), which indicates the status of thought.