Constitution of the Caliphate State / Internal Security, Foreign Affairs, Industry
- Category: Internal Security, Foreign Affairs, Industry §70-74
Article 73: The Department of Foreign Affairs is in charge of all the affairs connected to the relations of the Khilafah state with the foreign states, whether from the political angle, or economic, industrial, agricultural and trade aspects, or postal, cable and wireless connections and so on
The Foreign Affairs Department undertakes the responsibility of all foreign affairs, pertaining to the relation of the Khilafah State with foreign states, whatever these affairs and relations may be, whether they are related to the political aspect and what it entails in the forming of pacts, peace treaties, ceasefires, negotiations, appointing ambassadors, sending messengers and delegates, and establishing embassies and consulates, or relations that are related to matters that are economic, agricultural or are to do with trade, as well as postal communications or wire and wireless communications and so on. All of these matters are run by the Foreign Affairs Department, because they are concerned with the relations of the Khilafah State with other States.
The Messenger used to establish foreign relations with other states and entities, as was explained in the section regarding the executive assistant. He sent ‘Uthman b. ‘Affan (ra) to negotiate with Quraysh just as he negotiated with the delegates of Quraysh. He sent delegates to the kings and he received the delegates of kings and Amirs and concluded pacts and peace treaties. Similarly, his Khulafaa’ used to establish political relations with other states and entities. They would appoint people to carry these actions out on their behalf, on the basis that whatever action a person can perform by himself, he can delegate it to some other person to carry it out on his behalf.
Due to the complications of international life, and the vastness and variety of international political relations, we adopt that the Khalifah should delegate an institution within the state specific to the international relations where the Khalifah follows its work as he does with any other ruling and administrative institutions in the state, whether directly or through the executive assistant, in accordance with the related Shari’ah rules.