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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Governors

Article 52: Administrative division of the country

The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 52: The lands which are ruled by the State are divided into units, where each unit is called a Wilayah (province). Each province is divided into units and each unit is called an ’Imalah (district). The one who governs the province is called the Wali (governor) or Amir and the one who governs the ’Imalah is called the ’Aamil (worker) or Hakim (ruler).

The governors are rulers since the governorship is ruling; it is mentioned in the Al-Muhit dictionary: And to govern something and upon it governorship (Wilayah) and guardianship (Wilayah), or it is the root and wilayah is the plan and leadership and authority, and requires empowerment by the Khalifah or one whom he delegated to empower and so the governor is not appointed except by the Khalifah. The origin of governorship or leadership, in other words, in the governors and leaders, is the action of the Messenger  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم . It is confirmed that he  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم appointed governors over lands, and gave them the right to rule over the regions. He appointed Mu’adh Bin Jabal over Al-Jund, Ziyad Bin Labid over Hadramout and Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari over Zabid and ’Aden. The governor is the representative of the Khalifah and he undertakes whatever actions he represents the Khalifah in according to what he has been delegated. The governorship does not have a specific limit according to the Shari’ah so everyone who acts on behalf of the Khalifah in any action of ruling is considered to be a governor in that action according to the words which the Khalifah specified during his appointment. However, the governorship of the lands or the leadership is over a defined area, since the Messenger  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم used to define the area which he would be a governor over or empower the leadership for the leader.

This governorship is of two types - general or specific; general encompasses all of the issues of ruling in the governorship and being empowered in this manner means that the Khalifah delegates to him the leadership of the city or region of the governorship over all of its people, and the handling of the issues in all of his actions, and so he has a general control. As for the specific leadership, this is when the leader’s leadership is limited to the management of the Army, governing of the subjects, protection of the borders and defence of the sanctities in that region or city. He cannot interfere with the judiciary and the collection of taxes.

The Messenger  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم appointed general governorships, such as the appointment of Amr b. Hazm over Yemen. He also appointed specific governorships, such as the appointment of ’Ali Bin Abi Talib (ra) over the judges in Yemen. The Khulafaa’ after him  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم continued in the same manner, and so they used to appoint general governorships such as Umar Bin Al-Khattab (ra) appointing Mu’awiyah Bin Abi Sufyan to a general governorship. They would also appoint specific governorships, such when ’Ali Bin Abi Talib (ra) appointed ’Abdullah Bin ’Abbas over Basra in everything other than the finances and appointed Ziyaad over the finances.

The governorship in the first eras was of two types: governorship of the prayer and the governorship of the land taxes. Accordingly, in the history books they use two expressions when talking about the governorship of the leaders: the first being the leadership over the prayer and the second being the leadership over the prayer and the land taxes. In other words, the leader could either be a leader of the prayer and the land taxes or the leader of the prayer alone.  The meaning of the word prayer in the governorship or leadership is not that he was the Imam of the people in their prayer alone; rather its meaning was the governorship over them in all of their affairs except the finances. So the word prayer meant the ruling with the exception of the collection of the taxes.

If the governor was both over prayer and land taxes, his governorship was general, and if it was limited to the prayer or to the land taxes, then his governorship was specific. In every case, this returns back to the arrangements of the Khalifah in the specific governorship, so he can make it specific to the land taxes, or the judiciary, or to make it specific to everything other than the finances, judiciary and Army; he does whatever he thinks is good for the administration of the State or the administration of the province. This is since the Shari’ah did not limit specific work for the governor, but rather limited the work of the governor or leader to ruling and authority, and that he is acting on behalf of the Khalifah and is a leader over a specific place, and this is according to what the Messenger did.

Rather the Shari’ah gave the Khalifah the right to appoint general and specific governorships, according to what he sees from the actions, and that is apparent from the action of the Messenger  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم . Built upon the limiting of the leadership of the leader or the governorship of the governor to a city or region by the Messenger  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم , article fifty-two was drafted which divided the State into provinces and districts.

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Article 188: Carrying the call to Islam

Article 188: The foreign policy revolves around carrying the call to Islam; and the relationship between the State and all of the other states is built upon this basis. more
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Article 149: The permanent sources of income for Bayt Al-Mal

Article 149: The permanent sources of income for the Bayt Al-Mal are the booty, Jizya, land tax, a fifth of buried treasure, and Zakah. This income is collected continuously irrespective of whether there was a need or not. more
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Article 67: The educational intellectual and cultural preparing of the Army

Article 67: It is obligatory to provide the Army with the highest level of military education and raise its intellectual level as far as possible. Every individual in the Army should be given Islamicculture that enables him to have an awareness of Islam, to at least a general level. more
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Article 95: Judicial rulings before the Caliphate

Article 95: The contracts, transactions, and verdicts which were ratified and whose implementation was completed before the establishment of the Khilafah are not nullified by the judges of the Khilafah and nor do they review them, unless a case: Has a continued effect which contradicts Islam, so it is obligatory to review it. Or if it was connected with harm to Islam and the Muslims which was… more
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Article 166: Own independent currency, and not linked to any foreign currency.

Article 166: The State issues its own independent currency, and it is not permitted for it to be linked to any foreign currency. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 92: Specifics of judiciary of Madhalim

Article 92: The judiciary of the Injustice Acts (Madhalim) is not restricted by a court session or the request of the defendant or the presence of the plaintiff. It has the authority to look into any case of injustice even if there is no plaintiff. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 180: No publishing and printing rights

Article 180: The exploitation of writing books for educational purposes at whatever level is strictly forbidden. Once a book has been printed and published, nobody has the right to reserve the publishing and printing rights, including the author. However, if they were ideas he had, which were not yet printed or published, the owner has the right to be paid for transferring these ideas to the… more