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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Administrative System, Treasury, Media

Article 101: The civil servants

 The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 101: The civil servants other than the managers are appointed, transferred, suspended, disciplined, and removed by the one who is in charge of the departments, administrations or divisions.

 The civil servants in the state are all employees, in accordance with the rules of employment. Their appointment and removal, transfer and discipline, are done by the one responsible for the highest administration of their offices, departments or administration.

This is based on the rules regarding employment, since it is obligatory to adhere to whatever is necessitated by their contract, just as it is obligatory upon him to adhere to what he was contracted for, since the contract is binding upon both parties upon what they agreed, so if the employee is employed for a period, it is not valid to remove him from what he was employed to do for the defined period.

As for the adherence to the administrative systems, this is considered from the conditions of employment that must be adhered to. He  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said,

«الْمُسْلِمُونَ عَلَى شُرُوطِهِمْ»

“The Muslims will be bound by their conditions” (reported by Abu Dawud from Abu Hurayrah). With respect to transferring the civil servants from one task to another, this falls under the employment contract and so it is treated according to the contract when appointed.

The one responsible to appoint, discipline and remove them is the one who is in charge of the highest administration of their offices, departments, and administrations, since he is the one who is responsible for the office they work in, and is the one who has the power that is necessitated by the responsibility he has been assigned to.

Some articles of the Constitution

The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 183: Political means and political methods

Article 183: Ends do not justify means, because the method is integral to the thought. Thus, the obligation and the permitted cannot be attained by performing a forbidden action. Political means must not contradict the political methods. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 76: The supreme judge

Article 76: The Khalifah appoints a supreme judge to the judiciary from the male, adult, free, Muslim, sane, just people who know jurisprudence, and if he was given the power to appoint and remove the Madhalim judge, and had the power of judgement in the Madhalim, then he would have to be a Mujtahid. He would have the power to appoint judges, discipline them, and remove them as part of the… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 75: The Judiciary

Article 75: The Judiciary is the pronouncement of the rule that becomes binding. It settles the disputes between the people and prevents that which harms the community’s rights, or it eliminates the disputes arising between people and members of the ruling system – both rulers and civil servants – from the Head of State downwards. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 77: Types of judiciary

Article 77: The Judges are of three types: One is the Judge (Qadi), and he undertakes settling the disputes between people over transactions and penal codes. The second is the Muhtasib, who undertakes the settling of any breach of law that may harm the rights of the community. The third is the judge of the Court of Injustices (Madhalim), who undertakes the settling of disputes between the people… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 94: Permissibility of power of attorney in private and public matters

Article 94: It is permitted for the one who has been vested with a specific responsibility, like a custodian or guardian, or general responsibility such as the Khalifah, ruler, civil servant, Muhtasib, or judge of the Court of Injustice Acts (Madhalim), to appoint a person to his position as a proxy - within the bounds of his authority – in disputes and defence alone, and there is no difference… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 78: The conditions of judges

Article 78: Whoever undertakes the responsibility of judgement must be a Muslim, free, adult, sane, just, a Faqih (person who knows jurisprudence/Fiqh), and aware of how to apply the rules to the events. And the person who undertakes the judiciary of injustices (Madhalim)in addition to the conditions mentioned, must also be male and a Mujtahid (capable of deriving his own Fiqh/conducting Ijtihad). more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 65: The Commander of army and military ranks

Article 65: The Khalifah is the Commander of the Army and he appoints the Chief of General Staff, a general for each brigade, and a commander for every division. The remaining ranks in the Army are appointed by the brigadiers and commanders. The appointment of a person in the General Staff is according to his level of military expertise and is carried out by the Chief of General Staff. more