Constitution of the Caliphate State / Administrative System, Treasury, Media
- Category: dministrative System, Treasury, Media §96-104
Article 98: Anyone who carries citizenship, and is competent, whether male or female, Muslim or non-Muslim, can be appointed as a manager for an administration, a department, or a division, and to be a civil servant in it.
This has been taken from the rules regarding employment, since it is permitted to employ any employee, irrespective of being Muslim or non-Muslim, due to the generality of the evidences of employment; Allah (swt) said
((فَإِنْ أَرْضَعْنَ لَكُمْ فَآَتُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ))
“And if they breastfeed for you, then give them their payment.” (TMQ 65:6)which is general, and it is reported in Al-Bukhari from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger said
«قَالَ اللَّهُ: ثَلاثَةٌ أَنَا خَصْمُهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ... وَرَجُلٌ اسْـتَأْجَرَ أَجِيرًا فَاسْـتَوْفَى مِنْهُ وَلَمْ يُعْطِ أَجْرَهُ»
“Allah said: I am against three on the Day of Judgement…and a man who employed a worker and gets the full work out of him, but does not pay him his wage.” which is general and not specific to the wage of Muslims. The Messenger employed a man from Bani Al-Dayl who was upon the religion of his people, which indicates the permissibility of employing a non-Muslim in the same way as a Muslim. And in the same manner it is permitted to employ a woman in the same way that it is permitted to employ a man due to the generality of the evidences as well. Accordingly, it is permitted for a woman to be the manager of a department in a state department, and to be a civil servant in them, and it is permitted for a non-Muslim to be a manager of a department from the state departments as well as to be a civil servant, since they are employees, and the evidences for employment are general.