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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Administrative System, Treasury, Media

Article 97: The policy of the administration

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 97: The policy of the administration of services is based on simplicity of the system, speed in processing tasks and competence of the administrators.

This is taken from the nature of processing the services, for the person who requires a service needs to have it quickly and efficiently processed. The Messenger of Allah said

«إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَتَبَ الإِحْسَانَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ، فَإِذَا قَتَلْـتُمْ فَأَحْسِنُوا الْقِتْلَةَ، وَإِذَا ذَبَحْـتُمْ فَأَحْسِنُوا الذَّبْحَ ...»

Verily Allah has prescribed Ihsan (proficiency, perfection) in all things. So if you kill then kill well; and if you slaughter, then slaughter well...”(narrated by Muslim from Shaddad b. Aws). Therefore, the perfection in executing actions is ordered by the Shari’ah. To achieve this, the administration should observe three qualities. Firstly: the simplicity of the system that would lead to the ease of processing, whereas complication would lead to hardship. Secondly: the speed in processing the transactions that would spare people of unnecessary delay. Thirdly: the ability and competence of the employees. This is required to perfect the performance and result of the task.

The reported evidences regarding these three include:

Simplicity

-          The agreed upon narration from Abu Musa with the wording from Al-Bukhari: from Sa‘id b. Abi Burdah from his father from his grandfather: When the Messenger  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم sent Mu’ath Bin Jabal he said:

«يَسِّرَا وَلا تُعَسِّرَا، وَبَشِّرَا وَلا تُنَفِّرَا، وَتَطَاوَعَا ...»

-                      “Show leniency (to the people); do not be hard upon them; give glad tidings (of divine favors) to them; and don’t create aversion; work in collaboration.

-                      The agreed upon narration from Anas, he said:

«يَسِّرُوا وَلا تُعَسِّرُوا، وَسَكِّنُوا وَلا تُنَفِّرُوا»

-          The Prophet  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said: Show leniency (to the people) and do not be hard upon them; calm people and do not arouse their aversion.”

-          The narration of Amr b. Murra found with Al-Hakim who authenticated it and Al-Dhahabi confirmed it, he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم say

«مَنْ أَغْلَقَ بَابَهُ دُونَ ذَوِي الْحَاجَةِ وَالخِلَّةِ وَالْمَسْكَنَةِ، أَغْلَقَ اللَّهُ بَابَ السَّمَاءِ دُونَ خِلَّتِهِ وَحَاجَتِهِ وَفَقْرِهِ وَمَسْكَنَتِهِ»

-                      “Whoever closes his door to those of need, those with nothing, and the poor, Allah will close the door of the sky to his need, poverty, and want.”

-                      The narration of Abu Maryam Al-Azdi with Al-Hakim who authenticated it and Al-Dhahabi confirmed it: I heard the Messenger of Allah

«مَنْ وَلِيَ مِنْ أَمْرِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ شَيْئاً فَاحْـتَجَبَ دُونَ خِلَّتِهِمْ وَحَاجَتِهِمْ وَفَقْرِهِمْ وَفَاقَتِهِمْ، احْـتَجَبَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَوْمَ القِيَامَةِ دَونَ خِلَّتِهِ وَفَاقَتِهِ وَحَاجَتِهِ وَفَقْرِهِ»

-                      “If Allah puts anyone in the position of authority over the affairs of the Muslims, and he secludes himself (from them), not fulfilling their needs, wants, and poverty, Allah will keep Himself away from him, not fulfilling his need, want and poverty.. Al-Hakim said in Al-Mustadrak ‘Ala Al-Sahihayn: This narration has an authentic chain, Bukhari and Muslim did not report it, and its chain is an authentic shami one.

-          The narration of Mu’adh with Ahmad and authenticated by Al-Zain: The Messenger of Allah  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said:

«مَنْ وَلِيَ مِنْ أَمْرِ النَّاسِ شَيْئًا فَاحْتَجَبَ عَنْ أُولِي الضَّعَفَةِ وَالْحَاجَةِ، احْـتَجَبَ اللَّهُ عَـنْهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ»

-                      “Whoever takes charge of anything of the peoples’ affairs, and withdraws himself from those who are weak and needy, Allah Withdraws from him on the Day of Judgement”

Speed in completion

-          Al-Tabarani with a chain whose men are all trustworthy except for Baqiya, who is disagreed upon, from Abu Hurayra who said: The Messenger of Allah  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said

«إِيَّاكُمْ وَالإِقْرَادُ. قَالُوا: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَمَا الإِقْرَادُ؟ قَالَ: يَكُونُ أَحَدُكُمْ أَمِيراً أَوْ عَامِلاً فَتَأْتِيهِ الأَرْمَلَةُ وَالمِسْكِينُ فَـيُقَالُ لَهُ: انْتَظِرْ حَتَّى يُنْظُرَ فِي حَاجَتِكَ، فَـيُتْرَكُونَ مُقْرَدِينَ لاَ تُقْضَى لَهُمْ حَاجَةٌ وَلاَ يُؤْمَرُونَ فَيَـنْصِرِفُونَ، وَيَأْتِي الرَّجُلُ الغَنِيُّ الشَّرِيفُ فَـيُقْعِدُهُ إِلَى جَانِبِهِ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ: مَا حَاجَتُكَ؟ فَيَقُولُ: كَذَا وَكَذَا. فَيَقُولُ: اقْضُوا حَاجَتَهُ وَعَجِّلُوا بِهَا»

-                      “I warn you from ‘Iqrad." They asked: O Messenger of Allah what is ‘Iqrad’? He said: For one of you to be an Amir or an ‘amil, and the widowed and the weak come to him and it is said to him: Wait until we look into your need, and so they are left waiting unattented for. Their need is not dealt with nor are they told what to do and so they leave. A rich noble man comes and sits by his side and then says: What is your need? And he replies: such and such. And so he said: Take care of his need, and be quick about it”.

-                      Ibn Shibbah in his Ta’rikh reports from Ibn Shuthab who said: Umar (ra) said “O people, do not delay today’s work until tomorrow, since if you did that the work would catch up with you such that you would not know to start what you left.”

-                      Al-Shafi’i said in Al-Umm: More than one person of the people of knowledge informed us that when Umar Bin Al-Khattab (ra) came to see what they had gained from Iraq, the treasurer said to him: I will put it in the treasury (Bayt Al-Mal). He said: No by the Lord of the Ka’ba, it will not be placed under the roof of a house until I have divided it.

-                      Ahmad in Al-Zuhd and Ibn ‘Abd alBirr in Al-Isti‘ab and Ibn Abi ‘Asim in Al-Zuhd, from a number of people – that Ali (ra) used to order for the treasury to be swept and washed, then he would pray in it hoping that he would see the Day of Judgement and there was nothing being held in the treasury from the Muslims’ wealth.

Capability

-          Ahmad from Huthaythah, with a Hasan chain, that the Messenger of Allah  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said

«إِنَّ قَـوْمـاً كَانُـوا أَهْلَ ضَعْفٍ وَمَسْكَنَةٍ قَاتَلَهُمْ أَهْلُ تَجَـبُّرٍ وَعَدَدٍ، فَأَظْهَرَ اللَّهُ أَهْلَ الضَّعْفِ عَلَيْهِمْ، فَعَمَدُوا إِلَى عَدُوِّهِمْ فَاسْتَعْمَلُوهُمْ وَسَلَّطُوهُمْ، فَأَسْخَطُوا اللَّهَ عَلَيْهِمْ إِلَى يَوْمِ يَلْقَوْنَهُ»

-                      “A people who were weak and poor fought against a people who were strong and plentiful, and Allah gave the victory to the weak amongst them. Then they took revenge upon their enemy by dominating them, and so Allah became angry with them until the day they would meet Him”

-          Muslim from Abu Musa who said that the Messenger of Allah  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said

«إِنَّا وَاللَّهِ، لاَ نُوَلِّي عَلَى هَذَا الْعَمَلِ أَحَدًا سَأَلَهُ، وَلاَ أَحَدًا حَرَصَ عَلَيْهِ»

-                      “By Allah we do not appoint someone to this post who seeks it or someone who contends for it .”

-                      Al-Bayhaqi in Al-Shub from Umar (ra) who said “The only one who should judge between people is the one with sound judgement, skillful, does not look for shameful acts, is not hateful of his people, and is not afraid of the blame of the blamers.”

Al-Hakim in Al-Mustadrak mentioned a narration from Zayd b. Aslam, from his father, from Umar (ra), which he authenticated and Al-Dhahabi confirmed that: Umar (ra) said to his companions: Wish for something. Some of them said: I wish that this house was full of gold, which I could spend in the cause of Allah and give charity. A man said: I wish it was full of crystals and jewellery so I could spend it in the cause of Allah and give charity. Then Umar (ra) said: Wish for something, and so they said: We don’t know O Leader of the Believers. And so Umar (ra) said: I wish that this house was full of men like Abu Ubaydah b. Al-Jarrah and Mu‘adh b. Jabal and Salim the servant of Abu Huthayfah Huthaifah b. Al-Yaman.”

Some articles of the Constitution

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Article 166: Own independent currency, and not linked to any foreign currency.

Article 166: The State issues its own independent currency, and it is not permitted for it to be linked to any foreign currency. more
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Article 178: Education is compulsory and free for all

Article 178: It is an obligation upon the State to teach every individual those matters that are necessary for the mainstream of life, male or female, in the primary and secondary levels of education. This must be provided free of charge to everyone, and the State should, to the best of its ability, provide the opportunity for everyone to continue higher education free of charge. more
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Article 30: Required for the allegiance of the Caliphate

Article 30: The only conditions for the one who is given the pledge to be the leader of the State is that he fulfils the contracting conditions of the contract, even if he does not fulfil the preference conditions, since what matters are the contracting conditions of the contract. more
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Article 127: Types of property

Article 127: There are three types of property: private, public and State. more
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Article 66: Structure formations and camps of the army

Article 66: The Army is a unified entity which has specific bases. However, it is necessary that some of these bases are placed in different provinces and others in strategic locations. Some of the bases should be permanently mobile fighting forces. These bases are organised in numerous groups, with each group being given a number as a name, such as the first Army, the third Army, or they can be… more
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Article 107: Membership of Ummah- and Provincial Council

Article 107: Every citizen who is adult and sane, has the right to be a member of the Ummah Council or the Provincial Council, whether they are male, female, Muslim or non Muslim; the non-Muslim member is restriced to raising complaints regarding the oppression of the rulers or the misapplication of the laws of Islam. more
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Article 40: Requires to remove the Caliph

Article 40: The issues which alter the state of the Caliph (Khalifah) and ,therefore, remove him from the Caliphate (Khilafah) are three: If one of the contracting conditionsof the leadership of the State becomes deficient, such as if he apostatises, or commits flagrant sin, or becomes mad, or anything similar. This is because these are from the conditions of contracting, and the conditions of… more