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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Foreign Policy

Article 184:Political manoeuvres

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 184: Political manoeuvres are necessary in foreign policy, and the effectiveness of these manoeuvres is dependent on concealing (your) aims and disclosing (your) acts.

 

This article is from the permitted issues left to the opinion and Ijtihad of the Imam, and the political manoeuvres are the actions which are undertaken by the State which are intended for goals other than the goals which are apparent from the action undertaken. The Prophet  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم used to carry out these manoeuvres, such as the expeditions which he carried out at the end of the first and beginning of the second year Hijri, as the apparent goal of these expeditions was that the Messenger  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم wanted to attack the Quraysh, but the reality behind them was to intimidate the Quraysh and make the other Arab tribes take a neutral position regarding the conflict between him  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم and the Quraysh. The evidence for that is that these expeditions were small in number - sixty, or two hundred, or three hundred - which is not large enough to fight the Quraysh, and he  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم did not fight the Quraysh in any of them. All that resulted from them was that he  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم concluded treaties with some of the Arab tribes, such as his alliance with Damra and concluding friendly relations with Bani Mudlej. Another example is his  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم trip to Makkah in the sixth Hijri year intending to perform the pilgrimage, and his  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم announcing that while there was a state of war between him and the Quraysh under whose authority the Ka’bah was at that time. The intention of that journey was to arrive at an armistice treaty with the Quraysh in order to deal with Khaybar, since it had reached him  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم that Khaybar and the Quraysh were negotiating an agreement to attack Madinah. The evidence for this being a political manoeuvre is that he  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم was pleased to return without having completed the pilgrimage once he  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم had achieved the treaty, and he  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم then attacked and dealt with Khaybar two weeks after his  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم return. All of these are political manoeuvres. The power of these manoeuvres are the actions which are undertaken, such as that the manoeuvre is announced and apparent, but the goals of it are hidden, and so its effectiveness is dependent upon the prominence of the action and the concealment of the goals.

Some articles of the Constitution

The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 134: Land ownership

Article 134:Dead land is possessed through its revival and fencing. Any other type of land is not possessed except through a Shari’ah means such as inheritance, purchase, and donation by the State. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 138: Property of Factories

Article 138: Factories by their nature are private property. However, they follow the rule of the product that they are producing. If the product is private property then the factory is considered to be private property, such as textile factories. If the product is public property then the factory is considered public property, such as factories for iron ore production. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 169: The State bank

Article 169: It is completely prohibited to open banks, and the only one permitted will be the State bank, and there are no transactions upon interest. This will be dealt with by a particular department of the Bayt Al-Mal. Financial loans will be undertaken in accordance with the rules of the Shari’ah and the financial and currency transactions will be facilitated. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 191: Participation in organizations

Article 191: The State is forbidden to belong to any organisation which is based on anything other than Islam or which applies non-Islamic rules. This includes international organisations like the United Nations, the International Court of Justice, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, and regional organisations like the Arab League. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 85: Authority of the Muhtasib

Article 85: The Muhtasib has the authority to judge upon violations as soon as he learns of them, irrespective of the location and without the need to hold a court session. A number of policemen are put at his disposal to carry out his orders and to execute his verdicts immediately. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 100: administrative actions against directors

Article 100: The managers in all departments, administrations, and divisions are not dismissed except for reasons connected with the administrative systems, but it is permitted to transfer them between posts or to suspend them from working. Their appointment, transfer, suspension, discipline, and removal are all done by whoever is in charge of the highest post of their office, department, or… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 95: Judicial rulings before the Caliphate

Article 95: The contracts, transactions, and verdicts which were ratified and whose implementation was completed before the establishment of the Khilafah are not nullified by the judges of the Khilafah and nor do they review them, unless a case: Has a continued effect which contradicts Islam, so it is obligatory to review it. Or if it was connected with harm to Islam and the Muslims which was… more