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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Economic System

Article 127: Types of property

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 127: There are three types of property: private, public and State.

 

The evidence for each type of property has been deduced from the Quran and Sunnah, and through close examination of all of the types of property deduced from the Shari’ah evidences. Investigation of the Shari’ah evidences regarding property along with the definition of every type of property deduced from a Shari’ah evidence, indicates that the type of ownership is confined to the three mentioned in this article.

Some articles of the Constitution

The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 135: Land lease

Article 135:It is completely prohibited to rent land for agriculture, irrespective of whether the land was Kharajiyyah or ‘Ushriyyah. Likewise, temporary share-cropping is also prohibited. Musaaqa (renting trees for a portion of their yields) is permitted without restriction. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 84: The Muhtasib

Article 84: The Muhtasib is the judge who investigates all cases, in the absence of an individual litigation, involving the rights of the public that do not involve the Hudud (proscribed punishments) and criminal acts. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 126: The wealth belongs to Allah (swt)

Article 126: The wealth belongs to Allah (swt) alone, and He (swt) has made human beings the trustees of it. Through this general trust they have been given the right to ownership of wealth. Allah (swt) has permitted for the individual to possess the wealth; so through this specific permission, he managed to possess it practically. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 50: Conditions for excecutive assistants

Article 50: The excecutive assistant should be a Muslim man, since he is from the close associates of the Khalifah. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 107: Membership of Ummah- and Provincial Council

Article 107: Every citizen who is adult and sane, has the right to be a member of the Ummah Council or the Provincial Council, whether they are male, female, Muslim or non Muslim; the non-Muslim member is restriced to raising complaints regarding the oppression of the rulers or the misapplication of the laws of Islam. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 143: The Zakah

Article 143: Zakah is collected from Muslims, and is taken from the wealth which the Shari’ah has specified such as money, the profits of trade, cattle and grains. It is not taken from anything which the Shari’ah did not mention. It is taken from every owner irrespective of whether they were legally responsible/accountable (Mukallaf) such as the mature, sane person or whether they were not… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 116: The woman and ruling positions

Article 116: It is not permitted for a woman to take a ruling position; so she cannot be a Khalifah, nor an assistant, governor or ‘Amil, nor undertake any action considered to be ruling. In the same manner she cannot be the head judge and nor a judge in the Madhalim court, nor the Amir of Jihad. more