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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Economic System

Article 128: The private property

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 128: Private property is Shari’ah rule determined by the property itself or the benefit from it. This qualifies the one that owns a property to benefit of it or gets an exchange for it.

 

The evidence of this article is the Shari’ah evidences which indicate that the definition of private ownership is the permission of the Legislator (swt) for the utilisation of the property itself, which encompasses His (swt) permission with respect to utilisation, which in turn requires an evidence for every utilisation since it is the action of the worshipper, and so it is imperative that there is an address from the Legislator (swt) regarding it. In the same way it also encompasses His (swt) permission with respect to whether the property itself can be utilised or not, which does not require an evidence for every item. Rather, the origin in every property is that it has been permitted to be owned due to the general evidence in His (swt) words:

((وَسَخَّرَ لَكُمْ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا))

And He has subjected to you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth - all from Him.” (TMQ 45:13), and so the prohibition of owning a specific property requires a text.

Accordingly the evidences for the permission of utilisation permitted the possession of the property, and the evidences which permitted every thing for human beings gave him the general permission to own anything, and so it has been deduced from these two issues that the definition of ownership is the permission of the Legislator (swt) for the utilisation of the property itself. This is the meaning of the definition mentioned in this article.

If we take the example of the ownership of a loaf of bread, it would be said that the loaf of bread is the property, and it is determined that the Shari’ah rule regarding it is that the Legislator (swt) gave permission for people to utilise it, through consumption, benefiting from it and exchanging it. This permission for utilisation necessitates that the owner, who is the one whom the permission relates to, is enabled to eat the loaf of bread and similarly is enabled sell it. So the determined Shari’ah rule for the property, in other words, the loaf of bread, is that there is permission to consume and exchange it.

The definition mentioned in this article was based upon this, and this definition means the permission of the Legislator for the utilisation of the property. The article was drafted upon this basis.

Some articles of the Constitution

The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 146:Taxes

Article 146:Muslims pay the taxes that the Shari’ah has permitted to be levied upon them in order to cover the expenditure of the Bayt Al-Mal, on the condition that it is levied on that which is surplus to the individual’s needs according to what is normal, and has to be sufficient to cover the needs of the State. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 72: Issues threatened the internal security

Article 72: The most prominent issues that threaten the internal security that are under the responsibility of the Department of Internal Security to treat are: apostasy, rebellion and banditry, attacks on people’s wealth, attacking people and their honour and co-operating with the people of suspicion who spy for the belligerent disbelievers. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 187: The political cause is Islam

Article 187: The political cause of the Ummah is Islam, in the strength of the status of the State, the best implementation of its rules and continuity in carrying its call to mankind. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 24: Authorityand and Sharia implementation.

Article 24: The Khalifah is the representative of the Ummah in excercising of the authorityand in implementing of the Shari’ah. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 70 : The Department of Internal Security

Article 70 : The Department of Internal Security is responsible for everything related to security, and prevents anything that threatens the internal security. It protects the security of the land through the police, and does not resort to the Army except by the order of the Khalifah. The head of this department is called the (Manager of Internal Security). This department has branches in the… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 134: Land ownership

Article 134:Dead land is possessed through its revival and fencing. Any other type of land is not possessed except through a Shari’ah means such as inheritance, purchase, and donation by the State. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 5: Islamic citizenship, rights and duties

Article 5: All citizens of the Islamic State enjoy the Shari’ah rights and duties. Article 6: The State is forbidden to discriminate at all between the individuals in terms of ruling, judiciary and management of affairs or their like. Rather, every individual should be treated equally regardless of race, Deen, colour or anything else. more

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