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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Economic System

Article 128: The private property

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 128: Private property is Shari’ah rule determined by the property itself or the benefit from it. This qualifies the one that owns a property to benefit of it or gets an exchange for it.

 

The evidence of this article is the Shari’ah evidences which indicate that the definition of private ownership is the permission of the Legislator (swt) for the utilisation of the property itself, which encompasses His (swt) permission with respect to utilisation, which in turn requires an evidence for every utilisation since it is the action of the worshipper, and so it is imperative that there is an address from the Legislator (swt) regarding it. In the same way it also encompasses His (swt) permission with respect to whether the property itself can be utilised or not, which does not require an evidence for every item. Rather, the origin in every property is that it has been permitted to be owned due to the general evidence in His (swt) words:

((وَسَخَّرَ لَكُمْ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا))

And He has subjected to you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth - all from Him.” (TMQ 45:13), and so the prohibition of owning a specific property requires a text.

Accordingly the evidences for the permission of utilisation permitted the possession of the property, and the evidences which permitted every thing for human beings gave him the general permission to own anything, and so it has been deduced from these two issues that the definition of ownership is the permission of the Legislator (swt) for the utilisation of the property itself. This is the meaning of the definition mentioned in this article.

If we take the example of the ownership of a loaf of bread, it would be said that the loaf of bread is the property, and it is determined that the Shari’ah rule regarding it is that the Legislator (swt) gave permission for people to utilise it, through consumption, benefiting from it and exchanging it. This permission for utilisation necessitates that the owner, who is the one whom the permission relates to, is enabled to eat the loaf of bread and similarly is enabled sell it. So the determined Shari’ah rule for the property, in other words, the loaf of bread, is that there is permission to consume and exchange it.

The definition mentioned in this article was based upon this, and this definition means the permission of the Legislator for the utilisation of the property. The article was drafted upon this basis.

Some articles of the Constitution

The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 140: The right of utilise of public ownership

Article 140: Every individual from the Ummah has the right to utilise anything from public property, and it is not allowed for the State to permit someone to individually possess or utilise it. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 162: Scientific research laboratories

Article 162: All individual subjects of the State have the right to establish scientific research laboratories connected to life issues, and the State must also establish such laboratories. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 121: The spouses: duties and rights

Article 121: The married couple must fully assist each other in the housework, and the husband must carry out all the work which is usually undertaken outside the house, while the wife carries out all the work which is usually undertaken inside the house, according to her capability. He must provide her with a servant as required to assist with the tasks that she is unable to carry out alone. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 116: The woman and ruling positions

Article 116: It is not permitted for a woman to take a ruling position; so she cannot be a Khalifah, nor an assistant, governor or ‘Amil, nor undertake any action considered to be ruling. In the same manner she cannot be the head judge and nor a judge in the Madhalim court, nor the Amir of Jihad. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 38: Powers and Conditions for care for parishioners

Article 38: The Caliph (Khalifah) has the complete right to govern the affairs of the subjects according to his opinion and Ijtihad. He can adopt anything of the permitted issues that he needs to run the affairs of the State and to manage the peoples’ affairs and he is not permitted to contradict any Shari’ah rule for the sake of benefit. For example, he cannot prohibit the single family from… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 31: Required for nomination and election of the Caliph

Article 31: There are seven conditions for the Caliph to be contracted, which are: to be male, Muslim, free, adult, sane, just, and from the people who have the capability. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 56: Powers of provincial assembly

Article 56: Every province has an assembly elected from its people and championed by the governor. The assembly has the authority to participate in expressing opinions on administrative matters and not on ruling; and this would be for two objectives: Firstly - providing the necessary information about the situation of the governorate and its needs to the governor and to express their opinion… more