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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Economic System

Article 148: State budget

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 148: The budget of the State has permanent chapters determined by Shari’ah rules. As for the sections of the budget, the amounts allocated for each section, and the issues of each sectioncovered by these amounts are left to the opinion of the Khalifah and his Ijtihad.

The word budget is a Western term, and its meaning is the explanation of the income that the State takes, and an explanation of its chapters, which are the aspects that are gathered in the budget, and an explanation of its sections, which are the branches of these aspects, and an explanation of the amounts which are incoming. Alongside that, there is a draft of the explanation of the expenditure that the State will spend, by explaining its chapters which are the aspects upon which the expenditure will be used, and an explanation of its sections, in other words, the branches of these aspects, and an explanation of the amounts that will be spent upon every one of the issues mentioned in each section. This is the reality of the budget. This reality was not known to the Muslims; rather they knew the Bayt Al-Mal, and the income was sent there and the expenditure was spent from it. However, the presence of income for the Bayt Al-Mal and the fact that the expenditure comes from it, embodies the reality of the budget even if it was not named with that term, and there is nothing to prevent the use of this term according to its terminological meaning, which is the collection of the chapters of income and expenditure, with sections for each of these. Built upon this, the State has a budget, and the Bayt Al-Mal is responsible for this budget.

As for the preparation of this budget in terms of its chapters, sections and amounts which are drafted, these have been decided by the Shari’ah laws. So the Shari’ah laws introduced and decided income such as land taxes and booty, and expenditures were introduced and decided how it should be spent, and it was confirmed what must be spent upon and what needs to be spent upon if the money is found to do so. The income and expenditure were introduced and decided by the Shari’ah rules, and therefore the chapters of the budget are permanently based upon that, since the Shari’ah decided them and the Shari’ah rule is permanent and does not change.

As for the sections, which are the branches which branch off from them such as the land tax upon the land with a natural water supply, and the land tax upon irrigated land, or anything similar, the Khalifah can draft them, since they are part of the management of the affairs which have been left to his opinion and Ijtihad. In the same manner, the amounts which are drafted are done so according to his opinion and Ijtihad, such as how much the Jizya and land tax would be, and anything similar, since it is part of what he is responsible for. Accordingly, the evidences for the Shari’ah rules are regarding the income and expenditure of the Bayt Al-Mal, and the control over whatever is in the Bayt Al-Mal that the Shari’ah did not specify is left to the opinion and Ijtihad of the Khalifah.

These three evidences: the evidences regarding the income, those regarding the expenditures, and the evidence that the Imam is responsible for governing the affairs, are the evidences for this article. As long as the Khalifah has the right to draft the sections of the incomes and amounts which are drafted in each section according to his opinion and Ijtihad, then there is nothing to prevent the drafting of an annual budget for the State including its sections and the amounts for each section, whether that is for the income or expenditure. What would be prohibited is drafting an annual budget for the sake of new chapters, and not its income and expenditure, since these chapters have been decided by the Shari’ah rules and so they are permanent.

Some articles of the Constitution

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Article 104: Permission for media

Article 104: The media owned by any citizen of the State does not require a permit; rather they are simply required to inform the media office, such that the office knows about the media means that are being established. The owner and the editors of any media means are responsible for every article they publish and are accounted for anything which contradicts the Shari’ah in the same manner as… more
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Article 34: Procedures of the appointment of the Caliph

Article 34: The method of appointing the Caliph (Khalifah)is the pledge of allegiance (Bay’a). The practical steps to appoint the Caliph (Khalifah)and his Bay’a are: The Madhalim court announces the vacancy of the position of the Caliphate (Khilafah) The temporary leader takes control of his responsibility and announces the opening of the nomination procedure immediately Applications of the… more
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Article 90: The Court of Madhalim removes any ruler or employee

Article 90: The Court of Injustice Acts (Madhalim) has the right to remove any ruler or civil servant in the State, in the same way that it has the right to remove the Khalifah, if the elimination of the Madhlamah required this removal. more
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Article 168: Exchange and trade of funds

Article 168: It is permissible to have exchange between the State currency and the currency of other states like the exchange between the State’s own coinages. It is permissible for the exchange rate between two currencies to differ provided the currencies are different from each other. However, such transactions must be undertaken in a hand-to-hand manner and constitute a direct transaction with… more
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Article 102: The treasury (Bayt Al-Mal)

Article 102: The treasury (Bayt Al-Mal) is the administration responsible for the revenues and expenditure in accordance with the Shari’ah rules in terms of their collection, storage and spending. The head of the office of the treasury is called the Treasurer of the Treasury (Khazin Bayt Al-Mal). The offices in the provinces fall under it and the head of each office is called the Trustee of the… more
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Article 42: The Delegated assistant

Article 42: The Khalifah appoints a delegated assistant or more for himself, who carry the responsibilities of ruling. So he delegates to them the management of affairs, where they conduct them according to their opinion and Ijtihad. On the death of the Khalifah, the role of his assistants ends, and they do not continue in their work except for the period of the temporary leader. more