nusr-khilafah-en

Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Economic System

Article 149: The permanent sources of income for Bayt Al-Mal

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 149: The permanent sources of income for the Bayt Al-Mal are the booty, Jizya, land tax, a fifth of buried treasure, and Zakah. This income is collected continuously irrespective of whether there was a need or not.

 

The evidences for this article are the evidences which include the income, so the evidence for booty is the words of Allah (swt):

((مَا أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْقُرَى فَلِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ وَلِذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ))

And what Allah restored to His Messenger from the people of the towns - it is for Allah and for the Messenger and for [his] near relatives and orphans and the [stranded] traveller.” (TMQ 59:7). The evidence for Jizyah is His (swt) words:

((حَتَّى يُعْطُوا الْجِزْيَةَ عَنْ يَدٍ وَهُمْ صَاغِرُونَ))

Until they give the Jizyah willingly while they are humbled.” (TMQ 9:29). The evidence for land tax is what was reported from Abu ‘Ubayd regarding the Kharajiyyah land when he said:

«وجدنا الآثار عن رسول الله SL-16pt والخلفاء بعده قد جاءت في افتتاح الأرضين بثلاثة أحكام: أرض أسلم عليها أهلها فهي ملك أيمانهم، وهي أرض عشر لا شيء عليهم فيها غيره. وأرض افتتحت صلحاً على خراجٍ معلوم فهم على ما صولحوا عليه لا يلزمهم أكثر منه. وأرض أخذت عنوة فهي التي اختلف فيها المسلمون، فقال بعضهم سبيلها سبيل الغنيمة فتخمس وتقسم، فيكون أربعة أخماسها خططاً بين الذين افتتحوها خاصة، ويكون الخمس الباقي من سمى الله تبارك وتعالى. وقال بعضهم بل حكمها والنظر فيها إلى الإمام إن رأى أن يجعلها غنيمة فيخمسها ويقسمها كما فعل رسول الله SL-16pt بخيبر فذلك له، وإن رأى أن يجعلها فيئاً فلا يخمسها ولا يقسمها ولكن تكون موقوفة على المسلمين عامة ما بقوا كما صنع عمر بالسواد فعل ذلك، فهذه أحكام الأرض التي تفتح فتحاً»

We found reports from the Messenger of Allah SL-16pt and the following Khulafaa', regarding land conquering, in three rules: the land of those who had embraced Islam, so it belongs to them, and this is the land of ‘Ushr ( tenth) and there is nothing (imposed) upon them other than that. And land which was opened through a peace treaty based upon an agreed land tax, and nothing more is imposed upon them. And the land which was taken by force, which is the subject that the Muslims differed over; some of them said it should be treated like booty, so a fifth is taken off it (by the State) and it is divided, and so four fifths is divided between those who had conquered the land, and the remaining fifth is for Allah (swt). And some said, no, rather its rule is left to the Imam; if he thinks it should be left as booty, a fifth is taken and the rest is divided in the same manner that the Messenger of Allah did, then he can do that, and if he thinks that it should be kept as a spoil of war, it is left undivided but rather it is left for the generality of the Muslims as Omar did with Al-Sawaad. These are the rules regarding land which has been conquered”. The story of Muslims’ discussion with Omar (ra) regarding the land of Sawaad (land of Iraq) is also reported by Abu Yusuf in Al-Kharaj.

As for the fifth of treasures its evidence is the words of the Messenger SL-16pt:

«وَفِي الرِّكَازِ الْخُمُسُ»

One fifth is compulsory to be paid (as Zakah) on buried Treasure. And as for Zakah, its evidences are many, Allah (swt) said:

((وَآَتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ))

And give Zakah(TMQ 2:43), and the Prophet  SL-16pt said to Mu’adh:

«فَأَعْلِمْهُمْ أَنَّ اللهَ افْتَرَضَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَدَقَةً فِي أَمْوَالِهِمْ، تُؤْخَذُ مِنْ أَغْنِيَائِهِمْ وَتُرَدُّ عَلَى فُقَرَائِهِمْ»

tell them that Allah has made the payment of Zakah obligatory upon them. It should be collected from their rich and distributed among their poor.

All of these evidences convey the meaning of obligation, and so paying this wealth is an obligation, which is why it is taken perpetually regardless of the need, since Allah (swt) made it obligatory, and the obligation must be carried out.

Some articles of the Constitution

The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 126: The wealth belongs to Allah (swt)

Article 126: The wealth belongs to Allah (swt) alone, and He (swt) has made human beings the trustees of it. Through this general trust they have been given the right to ownership of wealth. Allah (swt) has permitted for the individual to possess the wealth; so through this specific permission, he managed to possess it practically. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 46: Scrutiny of actions of delegated assistants

Article 46: It is imperative that the Khalifah scrutinises the actions of the delegated assistants (Tafwid) and their management of the affairs, in order to confirm what was right, and to correct any errors, since the management of the affairs of the Ummah has been delegated to the Khalifah and is decided by his Ijtihad. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 140: The right of utilise of public ownership

Article 140: Every individual from the Ummah has the right to utilise anything from public property, and it is not allowed for the State to permit someone to individually possess or utilise it. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 125: Guarantee the satisfaction of needs

Article 125: It is obligatory to guarantee that all the basic needs are met for everyone, and are completely met on an individual basis, and to guarantee that every individual is facilitated to satisfy the extra needs (non-essential needs) to the highest level possible. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 52: Administrative division of the country

Article 52: The lands which are ruled by the State are divided into units, where each unit is called a Wilayah (province). Each province is divided into units and each unit is called an ’Imalah (district). The one who governs the province is called the Wali (governor) or Amir and the one who governs the ’Imalah is called the ’Aamil (worker) or Hakim (ruler). more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 160: Supervision of Industrial Affairs

Article 160: The State supervises the whole affairs of industry. It directly undertakes those industries which are connected to whatever is part of the public property. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 114: Men and women, the rights and duties

Article 114: The woman has been given the same rights as man, and whatever was oblied upon man is also obliged upon the woman, except that which was specified for her or him by the Shari’ah evidences. Accordingly, she has the right to partake in trade, agriculture and industry, and to undertake contracts and transactions, to possess all forms of property, to invest her wealth whether personally… more

Regarding Declaration of ISIS the Establishment of the Caliphate (Khilafah)

To all the brothers and sisters who sent inquiries about the declaration of the organization's ISIS establishment of the Caliphate State... The matter of the Islamic Caliphate is great and its matter…

Method of Establishing the Caliphate and the Dominant Sultan

There are some comments that state: " the method of seeking the Nussrah (material support) to establish the Khilafah is not the only legitimate way, there is another method, which is "the method of…