Constitution of the Caliphate State / Economic System
- Category: Economic System §123-169
Article 156:The State has to guarantee the living expenses of the one who has no money, no work and no relatives responsible for his financial maintenance. The State is responsible for housing and maintaining the disabled and handicapped people.
The evidence for this article is what was mentioned as evidence in article 153, which was the words of the Messenger :
«مَنْ تَرَكَ مَالاً فَلِوَرَثَتِهِ، وَمَنْ تَرَكَ كَلاًّ فَإِلَيْنَا»
“If somebody dies (among the Muslims) leaving some property, the property will go to his heirs; and if he leaves dependants (orphans), we will take care of them.”(agreed upon from Abu Hurayrah), and the kall is the weak, and encompasses the poor, anyone incapable and the physically disabled. And the words of the Messenger :
«وَمَنْ تَرَكَ دَيْناً أَوْ ضَيَاعاً فَلْيَأْتِنِي فَأَنَا مَوْلاَهُ»
“and if he leaves behind some debt to be paid or needy offspring, then they should come to me as I am the guardian of the deceased.” (agreed upon from Abu Hurayrah), encompass everyone left at a loss or in perdition including the poor, incapable, physically disabled and the like.