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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Economic System

Article 157: The State works to circulate the wealth amongst the citizens

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 157: The State works to circulate the wealth amongst the subjects, and prevents it from circulating solely amongst a particular sector of society.

 

The evidence is the verse from Surah Al-Hashr, the words of Allah (swt):

((كي لا يكون دولة بين الأغنياء منكم))

So that it will not be a perpetual distribution among the rich from among you.” (TMQ 59:7), and so this gave the reason (Illah) as to why the booty from Bani Al-Nadeer was given to the emigrants rather than to the supporters (Ansar) from Madinah, even though they were all Muslims, and no one from the Ansar apart from two poor men, Abu Dajanah and Sahl b. Hanif, were given anything. The reason given was in order that the wealth did not circulate amongst the rich alone, and this is a Shari’ah Illah which is present and absent according to the presence and absence of its cause. Accordingly, any time that a disparity is present, the Khalifah must work to achieve balance by putting this verse into practice, because from one angle it has an Illah present, and also because its words are general even though the reason for the verse was specific, and the Shari’ah principle is:

"العبرة بعموم اللفظ لا بخصوص السبب"

the consideration is given to the generality of the words and not to the specificity of the cause”, and so it is applicable at all times.

Some articles of the Constitution

The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 15: The means to Haram (unlawful) is forbidden

Article 15: The means to Haram (unlawful) are forbidden if they most likely lead to Haram. But if there is a doubt that a means might lead to Haram, then this means will not be forbidden. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 173: Islamic sciences and Arabic in the weekly classes

Article 173: There must be weekly classes in Islamic sciences and Arabic, with the same time and amount allocated as the classes for the rest of the sciences. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 110: Shura (consultation ) and the adoption of decisions

Article 110: The issues which fall under consultation (Shura) are decided by the opinion of the majority without considering whether it is correct or incorrect. As for any other issues which fall under Shura, the correct opinion is sought without any consideration given to the majority or minority. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 98: Employment in the administrative system

Article 98: Anyone who carries citizenship, and is competent, whether male or female, Muslim or non-Muslim, can be appointed as a manager for an administration, a department, or a division, and to be a civil servant in it. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 39: The duration and terms of the mandate of the caliph

Article 39: The Caliph (Khalifah) does not have a fixed term of office; as long as the Caliph (Khalifah) preserves the Shari’ah and he implements its rules, and is capable of carrying out the affairs of the State, he remains as a Caliph (Khalifah) as long as his situation does not change to one that would remove him from the leadership of the State. If his state changes in this manner, then it is… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 80: The court and the verdict

Article 80: The courts should be comprised of only one judge who has the authority to pronounce judgement. One or more judges are permitted to accompany him, however they do not have the authority of judgement but rather the authority of consulting and giving their opinion, and their opinion is not considered binding. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 55: Coordination between governor and Caliph

Article 55: The governor is not obliged to inform the Caliph (Khalifah) of what he has carried out within his authorised command. If a new problem arises which has no precedent, he has to inform the Khalifah about it first, and he then proceeds according to the instructions of the Khalifah. If he was afraid that the problem would be exacerbated if delayed, he carries out the action and then must… more

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