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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Economic System

Article 162: Scientific research laboratories

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 162: All individual subjects of the State have the right to establish scientific research laboratories connected to life issues, and the State must also establish such laboratories.

 

Scientific research is nothing more than knowledge which man can learn, and Allah (swt) permitted knowledge generally; He (swt) said:

((اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ)) (1))) [العلق] وقال: ((عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ (5)))

Recite in the name of your Lord who created -.” (TMQ 96:1) and: “Taught man that which he knew not.(TMQ 96:5), and the Prophet  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said:

«مَنْ يُرِدْ اللَّهُ بِهِ خَيْرًا يُفَقِّهْهُ فِي الدِّينِ»

When Allah wishes good for anyone, He bestows upon him the Fiqh of the (gives him knowledge of the Deen).” agreed upon from Mu’awiyah, and Al-Bukhari reported a narration Ta’liq (without the chain) but mentioned it decisively (that is – he considered it to be a narration):

«وَإِنَّمَا الْعِلْمُ بِالتَّعَلُّمِ»

“knowledge attainment is only by learning” and Al-Hafiz also said in Al-Fateh that the chain reaches back to the Prophet  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم .

These evidences indicate the permissibility of knowledge from the angle of it being knowledge, since His (swt) word: “Read” is general encompassing reading of everything, and His (swt) words: “Taught man that which he knew not.(TMQ 96:5) includes all knowledge. The words of the Messenger  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : “Indeed knowledge…” is the genus defined by Alif and Lam (the), so it is from the terms of generality. This all indicates that learning anything is permitted, and that any knowledge is permissible.

Accordingly, the generality of the evidences indicate the unrestricted permissibility of knowledge. Based upon this, any individual from the subjects of the State can seek knowledge, in other words, any knowledge, and to use the necessary means to arrive at scientific facts and truths, and so every individual has the right to initiate any research laboratories he wants, and to help whoever he pleases to establish laboratories.

These laboratories would be private property and would not be a part of public or State property. However, it is permitted for the State to possess such private property in its capacity as a semantic entity, just as any real person could own them. Its ownership of a laboratory would not make it the property of the State; rather it would remain private property, however it would be owned by the State and it would be part of the State’s property while it remains a type of private property. When the State undertakes the establishment of laboratories, it is only doing it from the angle of managing the affairs of the subjects, and establishing the obligation that Allah (swt) put upon it which is to produce knowledge, part of which would include establishing laboratories.

Some articles of the Constitution

The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 148: State budget

Article 148: The budget of the State has permanent chapters determined by Shari’ah rules. As for the sections of the budget, the amounts allocated for each section, and the issues of each sectioncovered by these amounts are left to the opinion of the Khalifah and his Ijtihad. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 30: Required for the allegiance of the Caliphate

Article 30: The only conditions for the one who is given the pledge to be the leader of the State is that he fulfils the contracting conditions of the contract, even if he does not fulfil the preference conditions, since what matters are the contracting conditions of the contract. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 152:The expenditure of the Bayt Al-Mal

Article 152: The expenditure of the Bayt Al-Mal is divided across six sections: a- The eight categories which deserve the Zakah to be spent upon them, from the chapter of Zakah. b- The poor, the needy, the wayfarer, Jihad, and those in debt – if there is nothing found in the chapter of Zakah, they are given money from the permanent sources of income of the Bayt Al-Mal, and if nothing is found… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 176: Relation of Arts and crafts to science or culture

Article 176: Arts and crafts may be related to science, such as commerce, navigation and agriculture. In such cases, they are studied without restriction or conditions. Sometimes, however, arts and crafts are connected to culture and influenced by a particular viewpoint of life, such as painting and sculpting. If this viewpoint of life contradicts the Islamic viewpoint of life, these arts and… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 123: The management of the economy

Article 123: The management of the economy is to take in consideration the viewpoint about the targeted society when considering the fulfilment of the needs. So what the society ought to be should be made the basis for the fulfilment of the needs. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 128: The private property

Article 128: Private property is Shari’ah rule determined by the property itself or the benefit from it. This qualifies the one that owns a property to benefit of it or gets an exchange for it. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 1: The Islamic belief ('Aqeedah) constitutes the foundation of the state

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