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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Economic System

Article 162: Scientific research laboratories

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 162: All individual subjects of the State have the right to establish scientific research laboratories connected to life issues, and the State must also establish such laboratories.

 

Scientific research is nothing more than knowledge which man can learn, and Allah (swt) permitted knowledge generally; He (swt) said:

((اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ)) (1))) [العلق] وقال: ((عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ (5)))

Recite in the name of your Lord who created -.” (TMQ 96:1) and: “Taught man that which he knew not.(TMQ 96:5), and the Prophet  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said:

«مَنْ يُرِدْ اللَّهُ بِهِ خَيْرًا يُفَقِّهْهُ فِي الدِّينِ»

When Allah wishes good for anyone, He bestows upon him the Fiqh of the (gives him knowledge of the Deen).” agreed upon from Mu’awiyah, and Al-Bukhari reported a narration Ta’liq (without the chain) but mentioned it decisively (that is – he considered it to be a narration):

«وَإِنَّمَا الْعِلْمُ بِالتَّعَلُّمِ»

“knowledge attainment is only by learning” and Al-Hafiz also said in Al-Fateh that the chain reaches back to the Prophet  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم .

These evidences indicate the permissibility of knowledge from the angle of it being knowledge, since His (swt) word: “Read” is general encompassing reading of everything, and His (swt) words: “Taught man that which he knew not.(TMQ 96:5) includes all knowledge. The words of the Messenger  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : “Indeed knowledge…” is the genus defined by Alif and Lam (the), so it is from the terms of generality. This all indicates that learning anything is permitted, and that any knowledge is permissible.

Accordingly, the generality of the evidences indicate the unrestricted permissibility of knowledge. Based upon this, any individual from the subjects of the State can seek knowledge, in other words, any knowledge, and to use the necessary means to arrive at scientific facts and truths, and so every individual has the right to initiate any research laboratories he wants, and to help whoever he pleases to establish laboratories.

These laboratories would be private property and would not be a part of public or State property. However, it is permitted for the State to possess such private property in its capacity as a semantic entity, just as any real person could own them. Its ownership of a laboratory would not make it the property of the State; rather it would remain private property, however it would be owned by the State and it would be part of the State’s property while it remains a type of private property. When the State undertakes the establishment of laboratories, it is only doing it from the angle of managing the affairs of the subjects, and establishing the obligation that Allah (swt) put upon it which is to produce knowledge, part of which would include establishing laboratories.

Some articles of the Constitution

The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 96: Management of government’s and people’s affairs

Article 96: Management of the government’s and people’s affairs is carried out by offices, departments, and administrations, whose task is to ensure the management of the State’s business and the carrying out of the people’s interests. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 18: The rulers and the employees

Article 18: There are four types of rulers: the Khalifah, the delegated assistant, the governor, and the worker (’amil), and whoever falls under the same rule. As for anyone else, they are not considered rulers, but rather employees. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 147: Conditions of taxation

Article 147:The State has the right to impose taxes in order to undertake anything that the Shari’ah obligated upon the Ummah if the funds in the Bayt Al-Mal were insufficient since the obligation for funding it would be transferred onto the Ummah. The State has no right to impose a tax for the sake of whatever is not obligatory upon the Ummah to undertake, and so it is not permitted to collect… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 178: Education is compulsory and free for all

Article 178: It is an obligation upon the State to teach every individual those matters that are necessary for the mainstream of life, male or female, in the primary and secondary levels of education. This must be provided free of charge to everyone, and the State should, to the best of its ability, provide the opportunity for everyone to continue higher education free of charge. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 22: Principles of the ruling system

Article 22: The ruling system is built upon four principles which are: Sovereignty is for the Shari’ah rather than fort the people The authority is for the Ummah To appoint a single Khalifah is an obligation upon the Muslims The Khalifah alone has the right to adopt Shari’ah rules, so he is the one who enacts the constitution and the rest of the laws more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 114: Men and women, the rights and duties

Article 114: The woman has been given the same rights as man, and whatever was oblied upon man is also obliged upon the woman, except that which was specified for her or him by the Shari’ah evidences. Accordingly, she has the right to partake in trade, agriculture and industry, and to undertake contracts and transactions, to possess all forms of property, to invest her wealth whether personally… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 24: Authorityand and Sharia implementation.

Article 24: The Khalifah is the representative of the Ummah in excercising of the authorityand in implementing of the Shari’ah. more