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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Economic System

Article 155: Estimation of wages

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 155:The salary is to be determined according to the benefit of the work, or the benefit of the employee, and not according to the knowledge and/or qualifications of the employee. There have to be no annual increments for employees. Instead, they have to be given the full value of the salary they deserve for the work they do.

The evidence for the article is the Shari’ah definition of hiring, because the Shari’ah definition is a Shari’ah rule which is the same as a Shari’ah principle because it is deduced from a Shari’ah evidence or evidences through a correct Ijtihad. Accordingly, it is considered an evidence for the issue that it applies to in the same manner that the Shari’ah rule is considered an evidence for the issue that it applies to, and the Shari’ah text is considered in both of these situations to be an evidence for the Shari’ah rule which applies to the issue, or for the Shari’ah definition that applies to the issue. The Shari’ah definition of hiring is: “a contract upon an exchange of a service for remuneration”, and the service in the case of the employee is either the service of work that he carries out, such as an engineer, or a personal service such as the servant; these two types of services are the ones that the contract can apply to, and it is not correct that anything else has a contract upon it. From this, it is seen that the contract cannot apply to the service of the level of knowledge, or amount of qualifications, but rather upon the service of the employee, either by providing personal service or his work. The salary is in exchange for this service that the contract applies on, and for this reason what is termed as the grade of civil servant, in other words, how the value of the salary is set, is not done in accordance with the qualification or knowledge, but rather it is only set according to the person themselves if they were going to undertake the work themselves such as a servant, or according to the use of the work they were doing and their experience such as an engineer, and nothing else, because this is in harmony with the definition.

Some articles of the Constitution

The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 2: Dar Al-Islam (Islamic Abode) and Dar Al-Kufr (abode of disbelief)

Article 2: Dar Al-Islam (Islamic Abode) is the territory where the rules of Islam are implemented and its security is upheld by Islam. Dar Al-Kufr (abode of disbelief) is the territory where the rules of Kufr are implemented or its security is upheld by other than the security of Islam. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 137: Categories of Public Ownership

Article 137: There are three categories of Public Ownership: a. Public utilities, such as the open spaces in the towns. b. Vast mineral resources, like oil fields. c. Things which, by their nature, preclude ownership by individuals, such as rivers. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 20: Right and duty to accountable the rulers

Article 20: Accounting of the rulers by Muslims is one of their rights and an obligation of sufficiency upon them. The non-Muslim subjects have the right to voice complaint regarding the ruler’s injustice towards them or misapplication of the rules of Islam upon them. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 167: The currency of the State is gold and silver

Article 167: The currency of the State is to be restricted to gold and silver, whether minted or not. No other form of currency for the State is permitted. The State can issue something as a substitute for gold or silver provided that the Bayt Al-Mal has the equivalent amount of gold and silver to cover the issued coinage. Thus, the State may issue coinage in its name from brass, bronze or paper… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 154: Employees are equal, regardless of the employer

Article 154: Company employees and those employed by individuals have the same rights and duties as employees of the State. Everyone who works for a wage, irrespective of the nature of the work, is considered an employee. In matters of dispute between employers and employees over salary levels, the salary level is to be assessed on the basis of the market. If they disagree over something else,… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 98: Employment in the administrative system

Article 98: Anyone who carries citizenship, and is competent, whether male or female, Muslim or non-Muslim, can be appointed as a manager for an administration, a department, or a division, and to be a civil servant in it. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 146:Taxes

Article 146:Muslims pay the taxes that the Shari’ah has permitted to be levied upon them in order to cover the expenditure of the Bayt Al-Mal, on the condition that it is levied on that which is surplus to the individual’s needs according to what is normal, and has to be sufficient to cover the needs of the State. more

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