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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State/ Ummah Council

Article 105: Ummah Council, Provincial Councils

The Constitution of the Caliphate StateArticle 105: The individuals who represent the Muslims’ views to the Khalifah are the Ummah Council, and the individuals who represent the people in the provinces are the Provincial Councils. It is permitted for non-Muslims to be members in the Shura council for the sake of raising any complaints against any oppression by the rulers or misapplication of the laws of Islam.

 

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Article 106: Election of Ummah- and Provincial Councils

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 106: The members of the Provincial Councils are directly elected by the people in their provinces, and the number of members of any Provincial Councils is decided according to the ratio of the inhabitants in such province to the whole population of the State. The members of the Ummah Council are elected directly by the Provincial Councils. The start and end of the terms of the Ummah Council are the same as those of the Provincial Councils.

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Article 107: Membership of Ummah- and Provincial Council

The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 107: Every citizen who is adult and sane, has the right to be a member of the Ummah Council or the Provincial Council, whether they are male, female, Muslim or non Muslim; the non-Muslim member is restriced to raising complaints regarding the oppression of the rulers or the misapplication of the laws of Islam.

 

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Article 108: Shura (consultation) and Mashwarah (deliberation)

The Constitution of the Caliphate StateArticle 108: Shura (consultation) and Mashwarah (deliberation) is the taking of opinion in its absolute meaning, and it is not binding in legislation, definitions, and nor intellectual issues such as disclosing facts, nor technical and scientific issues; and it is binding when the Khalifah consults in any operational issue and the actions that do not require research and deep examination.

 

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Article 109: Shura (consultation) is a right for Muslims

The Constitution of the Caliphate StateArticle 109: Shura (consultation) is a right for the Muslims alone and the non-Muslims do not have a right to it. It is permitted for all of the subjects to put forward opinions, whether Muslim or not.

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Article 110: Shura (consultation ) and the adoption of decisions

The Constitution of the Caliphate StateArticle 110: The issues which fall under consultation (Shura) are decided by the opinion of the majority without considering whether it is correct or incorrect. As for any other issues which fall under Shura, the correct opinion is sought without any consideration given to the majority or minority.

 

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Article 111: Powers of Ummah Council

The Constitution of the Caliphate StateArticle 111:The Ummah Council has five powers which are:

1. (a): The Khalifah has to consult the Council and the Council has the right to advise him in operational matters and actions related to carrying out the affairs of the domestic policy that do not require deep intellectual research and serious examination, like matters of ruling, education, health, economy, trade, industry, agriculture and the like, and the opinion of the Council in these areas is binding.

(b): In the intellectual matters that require deep research and serious examination, and issues which require experience and knowledge, and technical and scientific issues, and similarly the financal issues, the army, and foreign policy, the Khalifah has the right to consult the Council about them and to acquaint himself with its opinion; however the opinion of the Council is not binding in these matters.

2. The Khalifah has the right to notify the Council of the laws and rules which he wants to adopt. The Muslim members of the Council have the right to debate them and voice their opinions regarding those rules. However, if they disagree with the Khalifah regarding the validity of their deduction or their evidence, in terms of their disagreement with the method of adoption from the basis of legislation (Usul) adopted in the State, then the decision will be referred to the Court of Madhalim, and its verdict in this matter is binding.

3. The Council has the right to hold the Khalifah accountable for all matters that took place effectively within the State, whether these were related to domestic or foreign affairs, financial affairs, or military matters. The opinion of the Council is binding if the majority’s opinion in such matters is binding, and it is not binding if the majority’s opinion in such matters is not binding.

If the Council and the Khalifah differed about the legitimacy of an action that had been already executed the matter should be referred to the Court of Madhalim to settle the question. Its verdict on the matter is binding.

4. The Ummah Council has the right to express discontent of the assistants, governors or the ‘Amils. Its opinion in such a case would be binding and the Khalifah should dismiss them at once. If the opinion of the Ummah Council differed from the opinion of the council of the concerned province regarding contentment and discontent of the governors and ‘Amils, the opinion of the council of the province overrides.

5. Muslim members of the Council have the right to restrict the nomination of candidates for the Khilafah from amongst those who fulfilled the qualification conditions as decided bythe Madhalim Court. Their opinion in this is binding, and candidates other than those shortlisted by the Council should accordingly not be considered.

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Some articles of the Constitution

The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 41: The Decision about change and removal the Caliph

Article 41: The court of the Madhalim (injustices) is the only authority that can decide whether the change in the situation of the Caliph (Khalifah) removes him from the leadership or not, and it is the only authority that has the power to remove or warn him. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 46: Scrutiny of actions of delegated assistants

Article 46: It is imperative that the Khalifah scrutinises the actions of the delegated assistants (Tafwid) and their management of the affairs, in order to confirm what was right, and to correct any errors, since the management of the affairs of the Ummah has been delegated to the Khalifah and is decided by his Ijtihad. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 45 :Work of delegated assistant

Article 45 :The work of the assistant is to report to the Khalifah after whatever he has executed of the actions of management, and whatever he implemented of government and guardianship, in order that his powers do not become like that of the Khalifah. Therefore, his work is to raise his reports and to implement whatever he is ordered to. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 37: Terms and conditions of the adoption of Shari’ah rules

Article 37: The Caliph (Khalifah)’s adoption is restricted by the Shari’ah rules; he is prohibited to adopt any rule which is not derived according to a legitimate deduction from the Shari’ah evidences, and he is restricted with what he adopted of the rules, and by what he bound himself to with respect to the method of derivation. So he is not permitted to adopt a rule which has been derived… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 98: Employment in the administrative system

Article 98: Anyone who carries citizenship, and is competent, whether male or female, Muslim or non-Muslim, can be appointed as a manager for an administration, a department, or a division, and to be a civil servant in it. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 110: Shura (consultation ) and the adoption of decisions

Article 110: The issues which fall under consultation (Shura) are decided by the opinion of the majority without considering whether it is correct or incorrect. As for any other issues which fall under Shura, the correct opinion is sought without any consideration given to the majority or minority. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 149: The permanent sources of income for Bayt Al-Mal

Article 149: The permanent sources of income for the Bayt Al-Mal are the booty, Jizya, land tax, a fifth of buried treasure, and Zakah. This income is collected continuously irrespective of whether there was a need or not. more