nusr-khilafah-en

Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

The Constitution of the Caliphate State / Ruling System

Article 20: Right and duty to accountable the rulers

Article 20: Accounting of the rulers by Muslims is one of their rights and an obligation of sufficiency upon them. The non-Muslim subjects have the right to voice complaint regarding the ruler’s injustice towards them or misapplication of the rules of Islam upon them.

Article 20: Accounting of the rulers by Muslims is one of their rights and an obligation of sufficiency upon them. The non-Muslim subjects have the right to voice complaint regarding the ruler’s injustice towards them or misapplication of the rules of Islam upon them.

When the ruler is appointed upon the people in order to rule them he has only been appointed to govern their affairs, so if he falls short in this governing then accounting him becomes necessary. Although his accounting lies with Allah (swt) and the recompense of his fault or negligence is punishment (from Allah (swt)), Allah (swt) gave the Muslims the right to account the rulerand made this accounting an obligation of sufficiency upon them, giving the Ummah the guardianship over the ruler’s execution of his responsibilities. It has been made binding upon the Ummah to rebuke the ruler if he is faulty in these responsibilities or displays evil conduct; Muslim narrated from Umm Salamah that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said

«سَتَكُونُ أُمَرَاءُ فَتَعْرِفُونَ وَتُنْكِرُونَ، فَمَنْ عَرَفَ بَرِئَ، وَمَنْ أَنْكَرَ سَلِمَ، وَلَكِنْ مَنْ رَضِيَ وَتَابَعَ»

“There will be Amirs (rulers) and you will like their good deeds and dislike their bad deeds. One who sees through their deeds (and tries to prevent their repetition), is absolved from blame, and one who hates their bad deeds (in their hearts, being unable to prevent their recurrence), is (also) safe. But one who approves of their bad deeds and imitates them is spiritually ruined; in other words, the one who knows the evil and so he changes it and whoever is not capable of changing it rejects it in his heart and so he is safe. Accordingly, it is obligatory upon the Muslims to account the ruler in order to change what he is upon and they would be sinful if they were content with and followed the actions of the ruler that are blameworthy.

As for the non-Muslims, they have the right to raise complaints regarding oppression of the ruler due to the narrations about the absolute prohibition of oppression irrespective of whether it was upon the Muslims or non-Muslims and due to the narrations regarding the prohibition of harming the people of Dhimma; the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said

«أَلاَ مَنْ ظَلَمَ مُعَاهِدًا، أَوْ انْتَقَصَهُ، أَوْ كَلَّفَهُ فَوْقَ طَاقَتِهِ، أَوْ أَخَذَ مِنْهُ شَيْئًا بِغَيْرِ طِيبِ نَفْسٍ، فَأَنَا حَجِيجُهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ»

“Whoever wrongs (oppresses) a contracting man (someone with a covenant) , or diminishes his right, or forces him to work beyong capacity, or take from him anything without his consent, I shall plead for on the Day of Judgement” (Reported by Abu Dawud and Al-‘Iraqi said the chain was good).This is a definitive prohibition on harming the one with a covenant and by greater reasoning this applies to the people of Dhimmah. Also due to the prohibition of specific types of harm and similar to them are all harms; Abu Dawud narrated through Ibn ‘Abbas from the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم in the narration regarding the agreement with the people of Najran,

«عَلَى أَنْ لاَ تُهْدَمَ لَهُمْ بَيْعَةٌ، وَلا يُخْرَجَ لَهُمْ قَسٌّ، وَلا يُفْتَـنُوا عَنْ دِينِهِمْ، مَا لَمْ يُحْدِثُوا حَدَثًا أَوْ يَأْكُلُوا الرِّبَا»

“no church of theirs will be demolished and no clergyman of theirs will be turned out. There will be no interruption in their religion (will not coerced away from their religion) until they introduce something that does not belong to Islam, or take usury.”.If a Dhimmi is oppressed or afflicted by harm from the ruler, he has the right to raise his complaints until the oppression is lifted from him and the one who oppressed him is punished. The complaint from him is heard in every case irrespective of whether he was justified in his complaint or not.

In the book Al-Amwal by Ibn Abi ’l-Dunya with a Sahih chain to Sa’id Ibn Al-Musayyib, as also said by Al-Hafiz in the introduction of Al-Fateh, when Abu Bakr (ra) spoke to a Jew known as Fenhaas inviting him to Islam, Fenhaas replied to him saying

"والله يا أبا بكر ما بنا إلى الله من فقر وإنه إلينا لفقير، وما نتضرع إليه كما يتضرع إلينا، وإنا عنه أغنياء وما هو عنا بغني، ولو كان غنياً ما استقرضنا أموالنا كما يزعم صاحبكم، ينهاكم عن الربا ويعطيناه، ولو كان عنا غنياً ما أعطانا"

“By Allah O Abu Bakr, we have no need of Allah and He is needy to us, and we do not implore Him the way He implores us, and we are not in need of Him and He is not able to dispense with us, and if He were not poor , He would not ask for a loan from our property as your companion claims; forbidding you from usury (interest) and giving it to us, and if He were rich, he would not give us.”.So Fenhaas was alluding to His (swt) words

((مَنْ ذَا الَّذِي يُقْرِضُ اللَّهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا فَيُضَاعِفَهُ لَهُ أَضْعَافًا كَثِيرَةً))

Who is it that would loan Allah a goodly loan so He may multiply it for him many times over?(TMQ 2:245), but Abu Bakr was unable to have patience over this reply and so became angry and hit Fenhaas in the face with a powerful strike, and said By the One who my soul is in His Hand, if there were not a covenant between us and you, I would struck your head, O enemy of Allah. So Fenhaas then complained about Abu Bakr (ra) to the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم and the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم listened to his complaint and asked Abu Bakr (ra), and so Abu Bakr (ra) told him what was said to him. When Fenhaas was asked about this he denied what he had said to Abu Bakr about Allah (swt), and so His (swt) words

(( لَقَدْ سَمِعَ اللَّهُ قَوْلَ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ فَقِيرٌ وَنَحْنُ أَغْنِيَاءُ سَنَكْتُبُ مَا قَالُوا وَقَتْلَهُمُ الْأَنْبِيَاءَ بِغَيْرِ حَقٍّ وَنَقُولُ ذُوقُوا عَذَابَ الْحَرِيقِ (181)))

Allah has certainly heard the statement of those [Jews] who said, "Indeed, Allah is poor, while we are rich." We will record what they said and their killing of the Prophets without right and will say, "Taste the punishment of the Burning Fire.   ’” (TMQ 3:181)were revealed. The cause for the revelation of this verse is mentioned by Ibn Abi Hatim and Ibn Al-Munthir with a good chain from Ibn Abbas as mentioned by Al-Hafiz in Al-fath. And it is well known that Abu Bakr (ra) was a Wazir (minister) of the Messenger صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم , in other words, an assistant, and so he was a ruler, and Fenhaas was a covenanter, and the Messenger صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم heard the complaint from the covenanter, and so by greater reasoning it must be heard from the Dhimmi, and on top of that he has been given the covenant of Dhimmah.

As for complaints regarding the misapplication of the implementation of the rules of Islam upon them, then this is from the rights of the Muslims and non-Muslims; some Muslims complained to the Messenger صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم about Mu’ath Bin Jabal lengthening the recitation in prayer – Al-Bukhari reported from Jabir Bin ‘Abd Allah who said,

«أَقْبَلَ رَجُلٌ بِنَاضِحَيْنِ وَقَدْ جَنَحَ اللَّيْلُ، فَوَافَقَ مُعَاذًا يُصَلِّي، فَتَرَكَ نَاضِحَهُ وَأَقْبَلَ إِلَى مُعَاذٍ، فَقَرَأَ بِسُورَةِ الْبَقَرَةِ أَوْ النِّسَاءِ، فَانْطَلَقَ الرَّجُلُ - وَبَلَغَهُ أَنَّ مُعَاذًا نَالَ مِنْهُ - فَأَتَى النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم فَشَكَا إِلَيْهِ مُعَاذًا، فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يَا مُعَاذُ أَفَتَّانٌ أَنْتَ؟! أَوْ أَفَاتِنٌ؟! ثَلاثَ مِرَارٍ، فَلَوْلاَ صَلَّيْتَ بِسَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ، وَالشَّمْسِ وَضُحَاهَا، وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَى، فَإِنَّهُ يُصَلِّي وَرَاءَكَ الْكَبِيرُ وَالضَّعِيفُ وَذُو الْحَاجَةِ»

Once a man was driving two Nadihas (camels used for agricultural purposes) and night had fallen. He found Mu`adh praying so he made his camel kneel and joined Mu`adh in the prayer. The latter recited Surat 'Al-Baqara" or Surat "An-Nisa", (so) the man left the prayer and went away. When he came to know that Mu`adh had criticized him, he went to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم , and complained against Mu`adh. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said thrice, "O Mu`adh ! Are you putting the people to trial?" It would have been better if you had recited "Sabbih Isma Rabbika-l-A`la (87)", Wash-Shamsi Wa Duhaha (91)", or "Wal-Laili Idha Yaghsha (92)", for the old, the weak and the needy pray behind you.And so the Messenger صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم listened to the complaint aboutMu’adh and chastised him such that he even said to him

«أَفَتَّانٌ أَنْتَ؟ ثلاث مرات»

“O Mu`adh ! Are you putting the people to trial?”three times, and Mu’ath was the governor over Yemen and was the Imam of his people. This event has a number of narrations so irrespective of whether the complaint was regarding him and he was in Yemen or he was the Imam of his people, it is a complaint regarding someone who had been appointed by the Messenger صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم so it is a complaint about the ruler, and regarding the implementation of the Shari’ah rules, since the Shari’ah rule is that the Imam should lighten the prayer due to the words of the Messenger صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم

«إِذَا أَمَّ أَحَدُكُمْ النَّاسَ فَلْـيُخَفِّفْ»

“When any one of you leads the people in prayer, he should be brief.”(agreed upon with this wording from Muslim). So it was a complaint about the poor application of the rules of Islam.

In the same way that a complaint from the Muslim regarding prayer is listened to, any complaint regarding all other rules are also listened to and not prayer alone, since the misapplication of the Shari’ah rules is considered to be an act of injustice. Accordingly the complaint is a right for the Muslim and Dhimmi, since the Messenger صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said

«وَإِنِّي لأَرْجُو أَنْ أَلْقَى رَبِّي وَلَيْسَ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ يَطْلُبُنِي بِمَظْلِمَةٍ»

“I hope that I meet my Lord and non of you are seeking (recompense from) me for an injustice.” (reported by Al-Tirmidhi who said the narration is Hasan Sahih). The word “one” in the narration encompasses the Muslim and the Dhimmi, since he did not say

«وَلَيْسَ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ يَطْلُبُنِي»

“and no Muslim is seeking me”, but rather he said “and no one is seeking me”.

All of this is the evidence for the article.

Some articles of the Constitution

The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 150: When it's allowed taxes are levied?

Article 150: If the permanent revenues of the Bayt Al-Mal are not sufficient to cover the expenditure of the State, then it is possible to impose taxes upon the Muslims. It becomes obligatory to impose taxes as follows: a. To fulfil the obligatory expenses upon the Bayt Al-Mal for the poor, needy, and wayfarers, and to undertake the obligation of Jihad. b. To fulfil the obligatory expenses upon… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 106: Election of Ummah- and Provincial Councils

Article 106: The members of the Provincial Councils are directly elected by the people in their provinces, and the number of members of any Provincial Councils is decided according to the ratio of the inhabitants in such province to the whole population of the State. The members of the Ummah Council are elected directly by the Provincial Councils. The start and end of the terms of the Ummah… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 179: Provide the means of developing knowledge for all

Article 179: The State ought to provide the means of developing knowledge, such as libraries and laboratories, in addition to schools and universities, to enable those who want to continue their research in the various fields of knowledge, like jurisprudence, narrations and Tafsir, and thought, medicine, engineering and chemistry, and such as inventions and discoveries and so on. This is done to… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 3: Adoption of the constitution and laws

Article 3: The Khalifah adopts specific Shari’ah rules which he will enact as a constitution and laws. If he adopts a Shari’ah rule, this rule alone becomes the Shari’ah rule that must be acted upon and it becomes a binding law that every citizen must obey openly and privately. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 138: Property of Factories

Article 138: Factories by their nature are private property. However, they follow the rule of the product that they are producing. If the product is private property then the factory is considered to be private property, such as textile factories. If the product is public property then the factory is considered public property, such as factories for iron ore production. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 102: The treasury (Bayt Al-Mal)

Article 102: The treasury (Bayt Al-Mal) is the administration responsible for the revenues and expenditure in accordance with the Shari’ah rules in terms of their collection, storage and spending. The head of the office of the treasury is called the Treasurer of the Treasury (Khazin Bayt Al-Mal). The offices in the provinces fall under it and the head of each office is called the Trustee of the… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 17: The ruling and the administration

Article 17: The ruling is centralised and the administration is decentralised. more

Method of Establishing the Caliphate and the Dominant Sultan

There are some comments that state: " the method of seeking the Nussrah (material support) to establish the Khilafah is not the only legitimate way, there is another method, which is "the method of…

Regarding Declaration of ISIS the Establishment of the Caliphate (Khilafah)

To all the brothers and sisters who sent inquiries about the declaration of the organization's ISIS establishment of the Caliphate State... The matter of the Islamic Caliphate is great and its matter…