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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

The Constitution of the Caliphate State / Ruling System

Article 18: The rulers and the employees

Article 18: There are four types of rulers: the Khalifah, the delegated assistant, the governor, and the worker (’amil), and whoever falls under the same rule. As for anyone else, they are not considered rulers, but rather employees.

Article 18: There are four types of rulers: the Khalifah, the delegated assistant, the governor, and the worker (’amil), and whoever falls under the same rule. As for anyone else, they are not considered rulers, but rather employees.

 The ruler in the article is the one holding authority who is responsible for governing the affairs, irrespective of whether the governance was for the whole State or for a part of it. Through deduction from the Shari’ah rules, the ones who are made responsible for governing the affairs, establishing the laws and are to be obeyed with respect to their implementation of the laws are these four: the Khalifah, the assistant (delegate minister), the governor, and the Amil; and they are to be obeyed due to their position of rule.

With regards to the Khalifah, he is the man who is given the pledge by the Ummah (nation) to establish the Deen (religion)as their representative, and so he establishes the hudud, implements the laws, and carries out the Jihad, and he is owed obedience:

«وَمَنْ بَايَعَ إِمَامًا فَأَعْطَاهُ صَفْقَةَ يَدِهِ وَثَمَرَةَ قَلْبِهِ فَلْيُطِعْهُ إِنِ اسْتَطَاعَ، فَإِنْ جَاءَ آخَرُ يُنَازِعُهُ فَاضْرِبُوا عُنُقَ الآخَرِ»

He who swears allegiance to a Caliph should give him the grasp of his hand and the sincerity of his heart (i. e. submit to him both outwardly as well as inwardly). He should obey him to the best of his capacity. If another man comes forward (as a claimant to Caliphate), disputing his authority, they (the Muslims) should behead the latter.”  (reported by Muslim through ‘Abd Allah b. Amr b. Al-‘As).

As for the delegate minister, he is the assistant who assists the Khalifah in running the governing of the affairs; in other words, the general, continuous binding governorship. The evidence for this is that he is the one in a position of rule who must be obeyed in the issues that the Khalifah charged him with or requested him to assist him in carrying out the affairs. Ahmad reported with a good chain from 'Aisha (ra) that she said: the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said,

"مَنْ وَلاَّهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مِنْ أَمْرِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ شَيْئًا فَأَرَادَ بِهِ خَيْرًا جَعَلَ لَهُ وَزِيرَ صِدْقٍ، فَإِنْ نَسِيَ ذَكَّرَهُ، وَإِنْ ذَكَرَ أَعَانَهُ"

“ When Allah (swt) appoints a governer over Muslims, and desire good for him (this ruler), Allah (swt) appoints a sincere minister (assistant) to him who will remind him if he forgets and helps him if he remembers.”

As for the governor, he is the man who the Khalifah gives authority to over one of the governorates of the State. The evidence that he is in a position of ruling who must be obeyed is what is reported by Muslim from Auf Bin Malik Al-Ashja’i who said that he heard the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم say

"... أَلاَ مَنْ وَلِيَ عَلَيْهِ وَالٍ فَرَآهُ يَأْتِي شَيْئًا مِنْ مَعْصِيَةِ اللَّهِ، فَلْيَكْرَهْ مَا يَأْتِي مِنْ مَعْصِيَةِ اللَّهِ، وَلاَ يَنْزِعَنَّ يَدًا مِنْ طَاعَةٍ"

“…mind you! One who has a governer appointed over him and he finds that the governer indulges in an act of disobedience to Allah, he should condemn his act, in disobedience to Allah, but should not withdraw himself from his obedience.”

"... إِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ مِنْ وُلاتِكُمْ شَيْئًا تَكْرَهُـونَهُ، فَاكْرَهُوا عَمَلَهُ، وَلا تَنْزِعُوا يَدًا مِنْ طَاعَةٍ"

As for the ‘Amil he is the one who the Khalifah puts in charge of, or his representative, a village, townor part of a governorate. His work is like that of the governor except that he is ruling over a part of the governorate and not the whole of itand accordingly he is a ruler who must be obeyed like the governor, because he is a leader coming either from the Khalifah or the governor. Al-Bukhari reported from Anas b. Malik who said that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said

"اسْمَعُوا وَأَطِيعُوا وَإِنِ اسْـتُعْمِلَ عَلَيْكُمْ عَبْدٌ حَبَشِيٌّ كَأَنَّ رَأْسَهُ زَبِيبَةٌ"

“Listen and obey even if an Ethiopian whose head is like a raisin where made your ruler”. Muslim reported from Umm Al-Husayn who said that she heard the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم give a sermon in the farewell pilgrimage where he said

"وَلَوِ اسْتُعْمِلَ عَلَيْكُمْ عَبْدٌ يَقُودُكُمْ بِكِتَابِ اللَّهِ فَاسْمَعُوا لَهُ وَأَطِيعُوا"

“and even if a slave who leads you by the book of Allah is appointed over you, listen to him and obey”.

With respect to the expression “and whoever falls under the same rule”, this means the Madhalim judgeand the judge of judges if he is given the authority to appoint and remove the Madhalim judge, as well as the powers of the judges in Madhalim, since the judge of Madhalim is from the rule as is the subject of article 78.

Some articles of the Constitution

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Article 33: The temporary Ameer

Article 33: A temporary leader is appointed to take charge of the affairs of the Muslims, and to prepare for the election of the new Caliph (Khalifah) after the vacation of the position of the Caliphate (Khilafah) according to the following process: When the previous Caliph (Khalifah) feels that his life is coming to an end, or is committed to resigning, he has the right to appoint the temporary… more
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Article 171:The education policy

Article 171:The education policy is to form the Islamic mentality and disposition. Therefore, all subjects in the curriculum must be chosen on this basis. more
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Article 180: No publishing and printing rights

Article 180: The exploitation of writing books for educational purposes at whatever level is strictly forbidden. Once a book has been printed and published, nobody has the right to reserve the publishing and printing rights, including the author. However, if they were ideas he had, which were not yet printed or published, the owner has the right to be paid for transferring these ideas to the… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 18: The rulers and the employees

Article 18: There are four types of rulers: the Khalifah, the delegated assistant, the governor, and the worker (’amil), and whoever falls under the same rule. As for anyone else, they are not considered rulers, but rather employees. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 19: Conditions of ruler

Article 19: It is not permitted for anyone to be in charge of ruling or any action considered to be from the ruling unless they are male, free, adult, sane, just, capable of carrying out the responsibility, and it is not permitted for anyone other than a Muslim. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 169: The State bank

Article 169: It is completely prohibited to open banks, and the only one permitted will be the State bank, and there are no transactions upon interest. This will be dealt with by a particular department of the Bayt Al-Mal. Financial loans will be undertaken in accordance with the rules of the Shari’ah and the financial and currency transactions will be facilitated. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 59: Dismissal of governor

Article 59: The governor can be discharged if the Khalifah decides so or if the Shura council expresses dissatisfaction with him - whether justified or not - or if the provincial council expressed discontent with him. However, the governor can only be dismissed by the Khalifah. more