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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Judiciary

Article 90: The Court of Madhalim removes any ruler or employee

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 90: The Court of Injustice Acts (Madhalim) has the right to remove any ruler or civil servant in the State, in the same way that it has the right to remove the Khalifah, if the elimination of the Madhlamah required this removal.

 This article clarifies the powers of the Court of Injustices (Madhalim) with respect to removal of the rulers, since the ruler is appointed by a contract, known as the Contract of Assignment which is also called the Contract of Empowerment. The Khalifah has the right of the governorship which is the ruling, and he has the right of empowerment which is the appointment, and the empowerment is a contract that can only be completed with direct wording. Therefore, the removal of the ruler appointed by the Khalifah would be a termination of that contract, and the Khalifah undoubtedly reserves that right since the Messenger صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم appointed the governors and removed them. The righteously guided Khulafaa’ also appointed the governors and removed them. In the same manner the Khalifah could also delegate to those whomhe appointed the right to appoint and remove. However, the Court of Injustices (Madhalim) does not have the right to remove the rulers on behalf of the Khalifah, for it does not act on his behalf in appointing and removal; it rather acts on his behalf in looking into the injustices (Madhalim). So if the presence of that ruler in his province was an injustice (Madhlama), the court has the right to remove that injustice (Madhlamah); in other words, it has the right to remove that ruler from office. Therefore, its power to remove the rulers is not done on behalf of the Khalifah, rather it is only removing the injustice (Madhlamah), and accordingly those who have been ruled upon to be removed are removed even if the Khalifah is not pleased with it, since his removal in this situation is the ruling upon the removal of an injustice (Madhlamah), and this applies to everyone including the Khalifah, since the ruling of the judge is a ruling for everyone.

As for its powers to remove the Khalifah, in the same manner it is ruling upon the removal of an injustice (Madhlamah), since if one of the circumstances where the Khalifah is removed automatically or necessitated his removal occurs, then his remaining in office would be an injustice (Madhlamah). And it is the Court of Injustices (Madhalim)which rules upon the removal of the injustices (Madhalim), so it is the one who rules upon his removal. Therefore, the judgement of the Court of Injustices (Madhalim) to remove the Khalifah would be a judgement aimed at removing an injustice (Madhlamah), and so if removal of the Madhlamah necessitated his removal, the judgement for his removal would be given.

Some articles of the Constitution

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Article 171:The education policy

Article 171:The education policy is to form the Islamic mentality and disposition. Therefore, all subjects in the curriculum must be chosen on this basis. more
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Article 32: Vacancy of the position of Caliphate

Article 32: If the position of the Caliphate (Khilafah) becomes vacant due to the death of its leader, his resignation or his removal, it is obligatory to appoint a Caliph (Khalifah) within three days from the date that the position of the Caliphate (Khilafah) became vacant. more
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Article 69: The State obligations towards the army

Article 69: It is obligatory to provide the Army with weapons, supplies and equipment, as well as all necessities and requirements, which enable it to carry out its mission as an Islamic Army. more
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Article 122: Custody of children

Article 122: Custody of the child is a right and duty upon the mother, irrespective of whether she is a Muslim or not as long as the child needs this care. If the child no longer needs the care, then the situation is examined. If both of the parents are Muslim then the child, whether boy or girl, chooses whomever they would like to live with, and they will join whomever they choose, irrespective… more
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Article 169: The State bank

Article 169: It is completely prohibited to open banks, and the only one permitted will be the State bank, and there are no transactions upon interest. This will be dealt with by a particular department of the Bayt Al-Mal. Financial loans will be undertaken in accordance with the rules of the Shari’ah and the financial and currency transactions will be facilitated. more
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Article 144: The Jizya

Article 144:Jizya is collected from non-Muslims (people of Dhimma). It is to be taken from the adult men if they are capable of paying it, and it is not taken from women or children. more
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Article 86: Deputies of the Muhtasib

Article 86: The Muhtasib has the right to appoint deputies for him. They should fulfil the requirements of the Muhtasib, and he is allowed to assign them to different places. Those deputies would have the power to carry out the duties of the Hisbah in the areas to which they have been assigned, and in the cases for which they have been delegated. more