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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Constitution of the Caliphate State / Judiciary

Article 90: The Court of Madhalim removes any ruler or employee

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 90: The Court of Injustice Acts (Madhalim) has the right to remove any ruler or civil servant in the State, in the same way that it has the right to remove the Khalifah, if the elimination of the Madhlamah required this removal.

 This article clarifies the powers of the Court of Injustices (Madhalim) with respect to removal of the rulers, since the ruler is appointed by a contract, known as the Contract of Assignment which is also called the Contract of Empowerment. The Khalifah has the right of the governorship which is the ruling, and he has the right of empowerment which is the appointment, and the empowerment is a contract that can only be completed with direct wording. Therefore, the removal of the ruler appointed by the Khalifah would be a termination of that contract, and the Khalifah undoubtedly reserves that right since the Messenger صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم appointed the governors and removed them. The righteously guided Khulafaa’ also appointed the governors and removed them. In the same manner the Khalifah could also delegate to those whomhe appointed the right to appoint and remove. However, the Court of Injustices (Madhalim) does not have the right to remove the rulers on behalf of the Khalifah, for it does not act on his behalf in appointing and removal; it rather acts on his behalf in looking into the injustices (Madhalim). So if the presence of that ruler in his province was an injustice (Madhlama), the court has the right to remove that injustice (Madhlamah); in other words, it has the right to remove that ruler from office. Therefore, its power to remove the rulers is not done on behalf of the Khalifah, rather it is only removing the injustice (Madhlamah), and accordingly those who have been ruled upon to be removed are removed even if the Khalifah is not pleased with it, since his removal in this situation is the ruling upon the removal of an injustice (Madhlamah), and this applies to everyone including the Khalifah, since the ruling of the judge is a ruling for everyone.

As for its powers to remove the Khalifah, in the same manner it is ruling upon the removal of an injustice (Madhlamah), since if one of the circumstances where the Khalifah is removed automatically or necessitated his removal occurs, then his remaining in office would be an injustice (Madhlamah). And it is the Court of Injustices (Madhalim)which rules upon the removal of the injustices (Madhalim), so it is the one who rules upon his removal. Therefore, the judgement of the Court of Injustices (Madhalim) to remove the Khalifah would be a judgement aimed at removing an injustice (Madhlamah), and so if removal of the Madhlamah necessitated his removal, the judgement for his removal would be given.

Some articles of the Constitution

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Article 186: Greatness of the Islamic thoughts

Article 186: One of the most important political methods is the manifestation of the greatness of the Islamic thoughts in governing the affairs of individuals, nations and states. more
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Article 163:Laboratory banned for individuals

Article163:Individuals are prevented from possessing laboratories producing materials that could harm the Ummah or the State, or materials that the Shari’ah forbade. more
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Article 105: Ummah Council, Provincial Councils

Article 105: The individuals who represent the Muslims’ views to the Khalifah are the Ummah Council, and the individuals who represent the people in the provinces are the Provincial Councils. It is permitted for non-Muslims to be members in the Shura council for the sake of raising any complaints against any oppression by the rulers or misapplication of the laws of Islam. more
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Article 118: Rules Being alone with a non-incest and Finery

Article 118: It is not permitted for a woman to be alone with a non-Mahram. It is not permitted for her to reveal the adornments (Tabarruj) and the ‘Awrah in front of foreign men. more
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Article 95: Judicial rulings before the Caliphate

Article 95: The contracts, transactions, and verdicts which were ratified and whose implementation was completed before the establishment of the Khilafah are not nullified by the judges of the Khilafah and nor do they review them, unless a case: Has a continued effect which contradicts Islam, so it is obligatory to review it. Or if it was connected with harm to Islam and the Muslims which was… more
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Article 120: Marital life

Article 120: Marital life is one of tranquillity; and the couple should live together as companions. The guardianship (Qawwamah) of the husband over the wife is a guardianship of care and not ruling. It has been made obligatory for her to obey him, and obligatory upon him to financially support her according to the expected standard of living of one like her. more
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Article 6: Islamic citizenship, rights and duties

Article 5: All citizens of the Islamic State enjoy the Shari’ah rights and duties. Article 6: The State is forbidden to discriminate at all between the individuals in terms of ruling, judiciary and management of affairs or their like. Rather, every individual should be treated equally regardless of race, Deen, colour or anything else. more