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Constitution of the Caliphate State for Android

Caliphate State / Constitution of the best Ummah for the People


 

Article 105: Ummah Council, Provincial Councils

The Constitution of the Caliphate StateArticle 105: The individuals who represent the Muslims’ views to the Khalifah are the Ummah Council, and the individuals who represent the people in the provinces are the Provincial Councils. It is permitted for non-Muslims to be members in the Shura council for the sake of raising any complaints against any oppression by the rulers or misapplication of the laws of Islam.

 

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Article 106: Election of Ummah- and Provincial Councils

The Constitution of the Caliphate State, Article 106: The members of the Provincial Councils are directly elected by the people in their provinces, and the number of members of any Provincial Councils is decided according to the ratio of the inhabitants in such province to the whole population of the State. The members of the Ummah Council are elected directly by the Provincial Councils. The start and end of the terms of the Ummah Council are the same as those of the Provincial Councils.

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Article 107: Membership of Ummah- and Provincial Council

The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 107: Every citizen who is adult and sane, has the right to be a member of the Ummah Council or the Provincial Council, whether they are male, female, Muslim or non Muslim; the non-Muslim member is restriced to raising complaints regarding the oppression of the rulers or the misapplication of the laws of Islam.

 

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Article 108: Shura (consultation) and Mashwarah (deliberation)

The Constitution of the Caliphate StateArticle 108: Shura (consultation) and Mashwarah (deliberation) is the taking of opinion in its absolute meaning, and it is not binding in legislation, definitions, and nor intellectual issues such as disclosing facts, nor technical and scientific issues; and it is binding when the Khalifah consults in any operational issue and the actions that do not require research and deep examination.

 

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Article 109: Shura (consultation) is a right for Muslims

The Constitution of the Caliphate StateArticle 109: Shura (consultation) is a right for the Muslims alone and the non-Muslims do not have a right to it. It is permitted for all of the subjects to put forward opinions, whether Muslim or not.

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Article 110: Shura (consultation ) and the adoption of decisions

The Constitution of the Caliphate StateArticle 110: The issues which fall under consultation (Shura) are decided by the opinion of the majority without considering whether it is correct or incorrect. As for any other issues which fall under Shura, the correct opinion is sought without any consideration given to the majority or minority.

 

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Article 111: Powers of Ummah Council

The Constitution of the Caliphate StateArticle 111:The Ummah Council has five powers which are:

1. (a): The Khalifah has to consult the Council and the Council has the right to advise him in operational matters and actions related to carrying out the affairs of the domestic policy that do not require deep intellectual research and serious examination, like matters of ruling, education, health, economy, trade, industry, agriculture and the like, and the opinion of the Council in these areas is binding.

(b): In the intellectual matters that require deep research and serious examination, and issues which require experience and knowledge, and technical and scientific issues, and similarly the financal issues, the army, and foreign policy, the Khalifah has the right to consult the Council about them and to acquaint himself with its opinion; however the opinion of the Council is not binding in these matters.

2. The Khalifah has the right to notify the Council of the laws and rules which he wants to adopt. The Muslim members of the Council have the right to debate them and voice their opinions regarding those rules. However, if they disagree with the Khalifah regarding the validity of their deduction or their evidence, in terms of their disagreement with the method of adoption from the basis of legislation (Usul) adopted in the State, then the decision will be referred to the Court of Madhalim, and its verdict in this matter is binding.

3. The Council has the right to hold the Khalifah accountable for all matters that took place effectively within the State, whether these were related to domestic or foreign affairs, financial affairs, or military matters. The opinion of the Council is binding if the majority’s opinion in such matters is binding, and it is not binding if the majority’s opinion in such matters is not binding.

If the Council and the Khalifah differed about the legitimacy of an action that had been already executed the matter should be referred to the Court of Madhalim to settle the question. Its verdict on the matter is binding.

4. The Ummah Council has the right to express discontent of the assistants, governors or the ‘Amils. Its opinion in such a case would be binding and the Khalifah should dismiss them at once. If the opinion of the Ummah Council differed from the opinion of the council of the concerned province regarding contentment and discontent of the governors and ‘Amils, the opinion of the council of the province overrides.

5. Muslim members of the Council have the right to restrict the nomination of candidates for the Khilafah from amongst those who fulfilled the qualification conditions as decided bythe Madhalim Court. Their opinion in this is binding, and candidates other than those shortlisted by the Council should accordingly not be considered.

Read more: Article 111: Powers of Ummah Council

Some articles of the Constitution

The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 107: Membership of Ummah- and Provincial Council

Article 107: Every citizen who is adult and sane, has the right to be a member of the Ummah Council or the Provincial Council, whether they are male, female, Muslim or non Muslim; the non-Muslim member is restriced to raising complaints regarding the oppression of the rulers or the misapplication of the laws of Islam. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 145: Land tax

Article 145: Land tax is payable upon the Kharajiyyah land according to its capacity. Zakah is collected from the ‘Ushriyyah land according to the actual production. more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 117: The provisions of the private and public life

Article 117: The woman lives in public and private spheres; in the public sphere she is permitted to live with women, Maharim men, and foreign men (men whom she can marry) on the condition that nothing other than her face and hands can be revealed, and that the clothing is not revealing, besides there is not any open display of adornments. As for the private sphere, she is not permitted to live… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State

Article 78: The conditions of judges

Article 78: Whoever undertakes the responsibility of judgement must be a Muslim, free, adult, sane, just, a Faqih (person who knows jurisprudence/Fiqh), and aware of how to apply the rules to the events. And the person who undertakes the judiciary of injustices (Madhalim)in addition to the conditions mentioned, must also be male and a Mujtahid (capable of deriving his own Fiqh/conducting Ijtihad). more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 56: Powers of provincial assembly

Article 56: Every province has an assembly elected from its people and championed by the governor. The assembly has the authority to participate in expressing opinions on administrative matters and not on ruling; and this would be for two objectives: Firstly - providing the necessary information about the situation of the governorate and its needs to the governor and to express their opinion… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 74: The Department of Industry

Article 74: The Department of Industry is in charge of all the affairs connected to industry, whether heavy industry such as the manufacturing of engines, machines, vehicles, materials and electrical equipment, or light industry. Similarly, whether the factories are of the public property type or they are included in the private property and have a relationship to the military industry. All types… more
The Constitution of the Caliphate State,

Article 28: The position of Caliph

Article 28: No one can be Khalifa unless the Muslims appoint him, and no one possesses the mandatory powers of the leadership of the State unless the contract with him has been concluded according tothe Shari’ah, like any contract in Islam. more